Canada's electoral history from 1867 to today

Am I reading that right ?!

by Maurice Y. Michaud (he/him)

SMaurice Y. Michaud, 2022
Am I seeing right?o far, there are 33,035 links to 29,959 online documents on this site, all leading to more information on nearly a quarter of the 67,868 names that appear in this database. I have read all of those documents — not always every word, but many times I did because I let myself get dragged in by those people's stories even though I had never heard of them before I started this project.

That is how I came to develop the themes that you see in this section, like "youngest and oldest," "died in office," and so on. However, some of the stories offered nuggets that were occasionally just intriguing or funny (literally or in a dark humour manner) and sometimes downright astonishing or outrageous. I mean, how is it that I had never heard before embarking on this project about that Social Credit MLA in Alberta who committed one of that province's worst mass killing back in the 1950s?

This list is subjective and I will keep adding to it as I come across those factoids again. It is not meant to be a list of praise or condemnation; it's just stuff that made me laugh, or that I find interesting, or that made me say, "Huh?!"





James T.M. Anderson
23 July 1878 — 29 December 1946
Fifth premier of Saskatchewan, Anderson was alleged to work closely with the Ku Klux Klan, a powerful organization in that province in the late 1920s and early 1930s.
 
Shaye Q. Anderson
21 March 1975 —
Anderson, the Alberta NDP MLA for Leduc-Beaumont from 2015 to 2019, was noticed for his pronounced facial hair when he was elected, bringing National Post columnist Jen Gerson to refer to it as "the most conspicuous and healthy beard seen in Canadian politics this side of the 19th century."
 
Adrien Arcand
3 October 1899 — 1 August 1967
Arcand, who proclaimed himself the Canadian Führer, ran federally twice, coming second in a field of four candidates each time.
 
George Armstrong
17 April 1870 — 13 February 1956
Armstrong was one of the three convicted criminals (for his involvement in the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919) who was elected in the 1920 Manitoba general election. He was still in prison when elected as one of the MLAs for Winnipeg, representing the Socialist Party of Canada (Manitoba).
 
Pamela T. Barrett
26 November 1953 — 21 January 2008
Barrett resigned as Alberta NDP leader and MLA in February 2000 after having what she claimed to be a near-death experience in a dentist's chair. She went on to die of esophageal cancer eight years later, at age 54.
 
Henri-Sévérin Béland
11 October 1869 — 22 April 1935
Béland was re-elected as the Liberal MP for the Québec riding of Beauce in the 1917 general election despite being held as a prisoner of war at the Stadtvogtei Prison in Berlin, Germany.
 
George Black
10 April 1873 — 23 August 1965
When the MP for Yukon suffered a nervous breakdown toward the end of the 17th Parliament, his wife Martha (1866–1957) won his seat in the 1935 general election, occupying it for only one term until George returned to it from 1940 to 1949.
 
Bliss Botsford
26 November 1813 — 5 April 1890
Botsford died in Moncton, New Brunswick, at the age of 76 after collapsing while descending a flight of stairs and then falling out through a window. Speaker of the legislative assembly from 1868 to 1870, he was no longer an MLA for Westmorland at the time of his death.
 
John Bracken
22 June 1883 — 18 March 1969
When the struggling federal Conservative Party approached Manitoba Premier Braken to become its leader in 1942, he accepted on the condition that the party be renamed Progressive Conservative. Braken's political career has begun in 1922 as a Progressive, a movement that then splintered to the left and the right. Those to the left went on to form the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), while those on the right aligned with the Liberals. In fact, in Manitoba, the Progressives absorbed the Liberal Party of the time, although they agreed to be rebranded "Liberal Progressive" despite the fact they had become more dominant than the Liberals.
 
Janet C. (Jan) Brown
23 June 1947 —
Elected MP for Calgary Southeast along with 51 other Reform Party candidates in the 1993 federal election, Brown drew admiration in 1994 when she placed a rose on the empty desk of rival Bloc Québécois and official opposition leader Lucien Bouchard (1938– ) who was fighting for his life as a result of necrotizing fasciitis. Considered a moderate, she openly spoke out against the right wing of Reform, behaviour which, in May 1996, led her to being suspended from the party along with two controversial members of that right wing. Sitting as an independent for the remainder of 35th Parliament, she ran as the Progressive Conservative candidate in Calgary Southwest in the 1997 general election against her former leader, E. Preston Manning (1942– ), finishing a distant third.
 
Malcolm Cameron
25 April 1808 — 1 June 1876
An Ontario Liberal, Cameron lost in Ontario North during the first federal election in 1867; again in Renfrew South in the 1869 by-election, and again in Russell during the 1872 general election. Finally winning the seat for Ontario South in the 1874 general election, he died in office 2 years and 4 months later, at the age of 68.
 
Isaac Carling
c. April 1825 — c. August 1895
An Ontario Conservative, Carling was the son of Thomas Carling, the founder of the brewing company bearing the family name. He sat as the MPP for Huron South for only two years between 1868 and 1871.
 
William N. Chant
13 July 1895 — 25 September 1976
Chant served only one term in the first Social Credit government in Alberta. He joined the dissidents from his party who were upset with the premier, William Aberhart (1878–1943), for failing to provide Albertans with $25 monthly dividends through social credit as had been promised in the 1935 election campaign, and sat as an independent from 1937. He was more successful in SoCred politics after moving to British Columbia, serving six terms from 1953 to 1971 as an MLA for Victoria and chosing to retire from politics at the age of 77.
 
David C. Chatters
15 April 1946 — 25 January 2016
A Conservative first elected during the Reform/Canadian Alliance era, Chatters asserted in May 1996 that schools should have the right to fire openly gay teachers. That position led him to be suspended from the Reform caucus until September. (Big punishment!)
 
Gulzar S. Cheema
11 August 1954 —
A Liberal, Cheema was successful in getting elected as a Manitoba MLA at age 33 (1988–1993) and as a British Columbia MLA at age 46 (2001–2004), but he failed to enter the House of Commons in 2004 at age 49 or to return to the British Columbia legislature in 2020 at age 66.
 
John E. Clark
29 March 1915 — 3 June 1956
Clark was the Alberta Social Credit MLA for Stettler from 1952 to 1956. He committed one of the deadliest mass murders in Alberta history and then killed himself.
 
George Clayes
c. 1831 — 3 March 1888
Clayes, a Québec Liberal from Missisquoi, did not win the riding provincially in 1871, nor federally in 1878 or 1882. He died in office at the age of 57, one year after winning it in the 1887 federal general election.
 
E. Shaughnessy Cohen
11 February 1948 — 9 December 1998
Cohen is the first (and so far only) MP ever to suffer a fatal health incident in the House of Commons.
 
M. Dominic (Maxime) Cormier
21 December 1878 — 14 January 1933
Defeated in Victoria in the 1911 federal general election and provincially in Madawaska in 1912 and 1925, the New Brunswick Conservative succeeded in being elected as the MP for Restigouche—Madawaska in 1930, but died in office 2 years and 5 months later at the age of 54. His successor was a future Liberal minister, Joseph-Enoil Michaud (1888–1967) (no family relation with me).
 
Estefan Cortes-Vargas
c. 1991 —
Elected for one term as the Alberta NDP MLA for Strathcona-Sherwood Park in the 2015 general election, Cortes-Vargas was the first person in any Canadian legislature to have come out as non-binary. They are the reason why this database now explicity identifies and tracks persons who identify as such.
 
Adam Crooks
11 December 1827 — 28 December 1885
The political career of this Ontario Liberal MPP ended in 1884 when he was declared "incurably insane."
 
John C. Crosbie
30 January 1931 — 10 January 2020
The Crosbie family name is now associated to the Progressive Conservative Party in Newfoundland, but when John C. was first elected to the House of Assembly for St. John's West in 1966, it was as a Liberal and he sat as such for three years. John won in every election in which he ran, which is something his son Chesley (1953– ) cannot claim for himself.
 
Amor De Cosmos
20 August 1825 — 4 July 1897
The second premier of British Columbia was known for being eccentric. Born William Alexander Smith, he would go on to sit as the MP for Victoria until his defeat in 1882. He was declared insane two years before his death.
 
Raoul Dandurand
4 November 1861 — 11 March 1942
Dandurand was the senator for the division of De Lorimier. He was called to the Senate in 1898 by H.C. Wilfrid Laurier (1841–1919) and never ran for office, yet he was an influential minister without portfolio in three cabinets of W.L. Mackenzie King (1874–1950) until his death at the age of 80.
 
John G. Diefenbaker
18 September 1895 — 16 August 1979
Diefenbaker lived to see the return of the Progressive Conservatives to the government benches but died three months later at the age of 83. His successor in the Saskatchewan riding of Prince Albert was Stanley J. Hovdebo (1925–2018) of the NDP.
 
Gordon E. Dirks
22 June 1947 —
Dirks has served two terms as a Progressive Conservative MLA, but one was in Saskatchewan for 4 years and almost 6 months (1982–1986) and the other was in Alberta for 6 months (2014–2015).
 
Thomas C. Douglas
20 October 1904 — 24 February 1986
The federal NDP leader lost his Burnaby—Seymour seat in the 1968 general election, but he was able to return to Parliament through a by-election necessitated in Nanaimo—Cowichan—The Islands in February of the following year because of the sudden death of Colin Cameron (1896–1968) one month after the general election. Like many Progressives/early CCF members, Douglas endorsed eugenics — his 1933 MA thesis was on that topic — but, like the others, he reversed his position and advocated instead for vocational training for the mentally handicapped and therapy for those suffering from mental disorders.
 
Henry R. Emmerson
25 September 1853 — 9 July 1914
The Liberal Emmerson was the 9th Premier of New Brunswick from October 1897 to August 1900, at which time he resigned to be elected the federal MP for Westmorland. His alcoholism and reputation as a womanizer hampered his career; he was forced to resign from Wilfrid Laurier's cabinet in 1907 after a newspaper reported that he had been thrown out of a Montreal hotel with "two women of ill repute."
 
William End
c. 1798 — 14 December 1872
End died in a fire in his office in Bathurst, New Brunswick, likely assassinated by a man whom he had sentenced to time in jail. He was no longer an MLA for Gloucester at the time of his death.
 
Alphonsus (Fonse) Faour
16 November 1951 —
Faour was elected MP in a by-election in Humber—Port au Port—St. Barbe in October 1978 and re-elected in the 1979 general election. For whatever reason, this is not the part of Newfoundland I would have expected that province's first NDP MP, but then Liberal Brian V. Tobin (1954– ) came along in 1980...
 
Peter Fenwick
18 July 1944 —
Fenwick went from being the leader of the Newfoundland NDP for much of the 1980s and being the MHA for Menihek from 1984 to 1989, to running for the Canadian (Reform Conservative) Alliance in the riding of Burin—St.George's during the 2000 federal election.
 
André-Gilles Fortin
13 November 1943 — 24 June 1977
Leader of the Social Credit Party of Canada, Fortin died in a road accident at the age of 33. He would have fallen asleep at the wheel at the level of the Sault River, which crosses Québec Highway 20 at the height of Saint-Cyrille-de-Wendover.
 
Hedy M. Fry
6 August 1941 —
Fry's first claim to political fame is that she is the woman who took down the sitting prime minister in Vancouver Centre in the 1993 general election. Her most recent claim is that, at 80 years of age, she is the oldest woman to be elected to Parliament.
 
Alain Giguère
24 October 1958 —
I consider a person who has been never elected and has run ten times or more at the federal or provincial level an extreme perennial candidate. An NDP candidate in several Québec ridings since 1984, Giguère narrowly escapes this definition, for although he has run 11 times so far, he rode the orange wave in the 2011 federal election and got elected once in Marc-Aurèle-Fortin.
 
Ronald A. Gostick
18 July 1918 — 16 July 2005
A well-known publisher of anti-Semitic and far-right literature, Gostick ran twice for office in Ontario, coming last each time: in the 1945 federal election for Grey North as the Social Credit candidate, and in the 1948 Ontario general election for Glengarry under the Union of Electors banner. He was the son of Edith H. Gostick (1894–1984), who was one of the four Alberta Social Credit MLAs elected in Calgary in the 1935 general election.
 
Henri Groulx
21 May 1888 — 16 July 1952
Groulx, Liberal MLA for Montréal-Outremont, died the night of his re-election for a fourth term.
 
Margaret Haile
?? — ??
In 1902, Haile was the first woman in the British Empire to run for political office, running for the Canadian Socialist League (Ontario) in the provincial riding of Toronto North. Had she won, however, she would not have been eligible to take her seat in the legislative assembly.
 
Arthur Hanger
19 February 1943 —
One of the most conservative Reform / Canadian Alliance / current Conservative Party of Canada members, Hanger booked a trip to Singapore in March 1996 to investigate its use of caning in deterring crime but was forced to cancel it after public outcry and criticism from within the party. (Odd, huh? Such a great idea for Canada...)
 
Stephen J. Harper
30 April 1959 —
The first time he ran for the Reform Party in Calgary West during the 1988 general election, he who would become Canada's 22nd prime minister was very badly beaten by F. James (Jim) Hawkes (1934–2019). Harper was 29 years old at the time, but the reverse happened in the 1993 election when Harper was 34.
 
Richard B. Hatfield
9 April 1931 — 26 April 1991
The fact that the New Brunswick premier from 1970 to 1987 was gay was an open secret while he was alive but it was only discussed openly after his death.
 
Frederick W.A.G. Haultain
25 November 1857 — 30 January 1942
Haultain, the only premier of the area of the Northwest Territories that is today Alberta and Saskatchewan, is recognized as having had a significant contribution towards the creation of those provinces, although he would have preferred a single large province named Buffalo. Perhaps that explains the renaming in 2020 of Wexit Saskatchewan to the Buffalo Party?
 
Douglas J. Henning
3 May 1947 — 7 February 2000
I still can't get over that we ever had such a thing as the Natural Law Party in Canada.
 
Richard B. Holden
7 July 1931 — 18 September 2005
Holden was one of the four men elected in the 1989 Québec general election under the banner of the federalist, English-rights Equality Party. Expelled from the party in October 1991 for balking at party discipline, he sat as an independent until, to the shock of his constituents, he joined the Parti Québécois in August 1992. Suffering from chronic back pain, he committed suicide by jumping from the eighth-floor balcony of his apartment.
 
Joseph Howe
13 December 1804 — 1 June 1873
Like all but one Nova Scotia MP elected in 1867, Howe was against Confederation but he came to accept it a year later and joined the Conservatives. Appointed Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia in May 1873, he died three weeks later, at age 68.
 
William Ivens
28 June 1878 — 20 June 1957
Ivens was one of the three convicted criminals (for his involvement in the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919) who was elected in the 1920 Manitoba general election. He was still in prison when elected as one of the Dominion Labour Party MLAs for Winnipeg.
 
Leonard C. Jones
4 June 1924 — 23 June 1998
Mayor of Moncton, N.B., from 1963 to 1974, Jones was vehemently opposed to the use of the French language in any sphere of public activity in the city. Remaining popular with the anglophone majority, he won the Progressive Conservative nomination for the 1974 federal election, but PC leader Robert L. Stanfield (1914–2003) refused to sign Jones's nomination papers because of the latter's opposition to the party's policy of bilingualism. Jones instead ran an an independent and served one term as the MP for Moncton.
 
L. Gordon Kesler
c. 1945 —
Kesler is the only person to ever be elected to a legislative assembly under the Western Canada Concept banner.
 
David T. King
22 June 1946 —
An Alberta Progressive Conservative MLA from 1971 to 1986, King moved to British Columbia and has been involved with that province's Green Party since at least 2013.
 
Trevor Kirczenow
c. 1985 —
Even though everybody knew that Kirczenow had a snowball's chance in hell of winning for the Liberals in the Manitoba federal riding of Provencher, I admire the audacity of a transgender person running against a staunch social conservative like Theodore J. Falk (1960– ) ...twice!
 
Stanley H. Knowles
18 June 1908 — 9 June 1997
Once Knowles got elected to Parliament on his third try in Winnipeg North Centre in a 1942 by-election, he would go on to win every time after that up to the 1980 election, except for the 1958 Diefenbaker landslide. He served for 37 years, 6 months and 5 days.
 
Charles-Eugène Laforest
c. November 1923 — 14 September 2008
This is my uncle I was telling you about. He ran when I was a teenager living in Moncton, N.B. That was back in the day when people wrote letters and I remember when he sent us a copy of his electoral pamphlet. I didn't remember when he ran or for which party (or that he got clobbered) until I built this database.
 
Jean Landry
3 October 1948 —
It started off well for Landry, but that might have been beginner's luck. Elected for the Bloc Québécois in Lotbinière in 1993, he ran 11 times after that under different banners and lost each time. His last attempt was in the 2021 federal election, when he came in fifth in a field of seven candidates in Trois-Rivières, running for the second time for the People's Party of Canada. One could argue that he has become an extreme perennial candidate, but I do have to stick to my definitions!
 
Bowman B. Law
29 July 1855 — 3 February 1916
Law was one of the seven victims — and only MP — of the fire that destroyed much of the Canadian Parliament buildings on the night of February 3, 1916.
 
Wallis W. LeFeaux
19 September 1881 — 24 November 1972
After eight failed attempts at both the federal and provincial levels, British Columbia leftist LeFeaux finally won one of the two Vancouver Centre seats in the legislative assembly for the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) in the 1941 general election, only to lose it in 1945. He also failed to get it back in 1949.
 
Grace W. MacInnis
25 July 1905 — 10 July 1991
MacInnis, NDP MP for Vancouver Kingsway from 1965 to 1974, was the ONLY woman elected to the 28th Parliament in 1968. She was the daughter of the first leader of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), the late James S. (J.S.) Woodsworth (1874–1942), and the spouse of the late Angus MacInnis (1884–1964), a CCF MP in several Vancouver-area ridings between 1930 and 1957.
 
Alexander G. MacKay
7 March 1860 — 25 April 1920
A Liberal, MacKay served 10 years and 8 months as the MPP for Grey North (1902–1913) and nearly seven years as the Alberta MLA for Athabasca (1913–1920), dying in office at the age of 60.
 
H. Wade MacLauchlan
10 December 1954 —
Premier of Prince Edward Island from 2015 to 2019, MacLauchlan was the first gay male premier in Canada.
 
Donald Macmaster
3 September 1846 — 3 March 1922
Macmaster sat as the Ontario Conservative MPP for Glengarry from 1879 to 1882, resigning to get elected to the House of Commons to represent that same riding until his defeat in 1887. He emigrated to the United Kingdom in 1905 and was elected to the British House of Commons in 1910 as a Conservative, representing the constituency of Chertsey until his death at the age of 75.
 
Agnes C. Macphail
24 March 1890 — 13 February 1954
The fact that Macphail was the first woman elected to the Canadian Parliament in 1921 is widely known. Less widely known is that she was also the first woman (of two) elected to the Ontario provincial parliament in 1934.
 
Claudy Mailly
30 November 1938 — c. 2017
I may have prematurely killed off this one-term Progressive Conservative MP for Gatineau on the weight of one vague reference in Wikipedia but, at the same time, there is really not much about her online these days. Anybody know?
 
Duncan M. Marshall
24 September 1872 — 16 January 1946
The difference a century can make? An Ontarian with more staying power as a Liberal in Alberta than in Ontario! Marshall was the three-term MLA for Olds from 1909 until his defeat in 1921, but the one-term Ontario MPP for Peel from 1934 until his defeat in 1937. Then again, he failed to enter the House of Commons for either an Ontario riding (Muskoka, 1904) or an Alberta riding (East Calgary, 1921).
 
Joseph Martin
24 September 1852 — 2 March 1923
Martin was elected to four different legislative assemblies: Manitoba's, Canada's, British Columbia's, and Great Britain's (East St. Pancras, 1910–1918).
 
William G. Martin
13 September 1886 — 19 December 1973
Martin sat as Conservative or Progressive Conservative (post 1942) in two legislatures: in Ontario as the MPP for Brantford (1926–1934) and in Manitoba as the MLA for St. Matthews (1958–1966). His exit in 1934 was through defeat at the age of 47 but it was voluntary in 1966 when he retired from politics at the age of 79.
 
C. Vincent Massey
20 February 1887 — 30 December 1967
First Canadian-born governor general, Massey ran unsuccessfully for the Liberal Party of Canada in Durham in 1925.
 
J. Stephen McCready
10 October 1946 —
McCready is the son of twice Speaker of the New Brunswick Legislative Assembly, Robert B. McCready (1921–1995). (This one made me raise an eyebrow simply because I am a friend of his brother!)
 
Alexa A. McDonough
11 August 1944 — 15 January 2022
McDonough was the daughter of Lloyd R. Shaw (1914–1993), who did not share her electoral success. I was definitely surprised to learn that she had "a thing" with long-time Progressive Conservative David S.H. MacDonald (1936– ) from 1997 to 2004 and even swayed him toward social democracy!
 
Malcolm McFadyen
9 June 1838 — c. 15 April 1883
A Prince Edward Island Liberal, McFadyen failed three times to get elected — federally in 1878 and provincially in 1876 and 1879 — before winning one of the two seats for Kings 4th in the legislature in the 1882 general election. According to Blair Weeks in Minding the House: a biographical guide to Prince Edward Island MLAs, 1873-1993, "Malcolm MacFadyen died ca. 1883," which would suggest that he died in office about a year after finally being elected. However, Weeks does not explcitly say that and no by-election seems to have been called to replace MacFadyen even though the next general election on the Island was only held three years later. That said, although by-elections were far more frequent in the 19th century than they are today, calling them was entirely at the discretion of the government, so given that the 29th Legislature was Conservative and MacFadyen was Liberal, it is possible that the seat was left vacant.
 
Charles Nolin
2 May 1837 — 28 January 1907
Nolin, Manitoba Métis and political rival of Louis David Riel (1844–1885), sat nearly five years from 1874 as the MLA for Ste. Anne in the new province's legislative assembly. Later moving to present-day Saskatchewan, he was elected at age 54 as the MLA for Batoche in the legislative assembly of the North-West Territories, but his election was contested two months later and Charles-Eugène Boucher (1864–c. 1926), who was half his age at 27, replaced him.
 
J. David Popescu
c. 1947 —
There should be enforceable laws preventing people like him from running for office.
 
Walter V. Powers
24 July 1895 — 8 November 1954
Failing to win one of the two seats for Victoria in the 1939, 1944 and 1948 New Brunswick general elections, the (Progressive)-Conservative Powers finally got one in 1952. Named Speaker of the Assembly in 1954 after the death of Elmer T. Kennedy (1885–1953), he, too, died in office — two years after being elected. He was 67.
 
John Queen
11 February 1882 — 15 July 1946
Queen was one of the three convicted criminals (for his involvement in the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919) who was elected in the 1920 Manitoba general election. He was still in prison when elected as one of the Dominion Labour Party MLAs for Winnipeg.
 
Jaroslaw (Slaw) Rebchuk
10 February 1907 — 15 January 1996
A Winnipeg municipal politican known as the "Mayor of the North End", Rebchuk ran twice unsuccessfully for a seat in the Manitoba legislature. He was famed for his "Rebchukisms," such as "You've buttered your bread — now lie in it" or "A verbal agreement is not worth the paper it's written on."
 
Robert Ringma
30 June 1928 — 31 March 2014
A one-term Reform MP, Ringma opined in 1996 [not a typo] that store owners should be free to move gay and black people "to the back of the shop," or even to fire them, if the presence of that individual offended a bigoted customer.
 
John P. Robarts
11 January 1917 — 18 October 1982
Robarts committed suicide. Premier of Ontario from 1961 to 1971, he had been suffering from depression as a result of the 1977 suicide of his son Timothy and a series of debilitating strokes. He had divorced in the early 1970s and remarried to a woman 28 years his junior.
 
Svend J. Robinson
4 March 1952 —
In spring 1988, Robinson was the first Canadian member of Parliament to come out as gay.
 
Caroline Simard
5 July 1974 —
Simard forever has bragging rights for unseating a premier, even though she herself got defeated in the following general election.
 
Murray R. Smith
c. 1930 — 15 December 2002
Smith was the husband of prominent Manitoba NDP minister from 1981 to 1988, Muriel A. Smith (1930– ). When he ran in the riding of River Heights in the 1986 general election, an article in the 17 March 1986 issue of the Winnipeg Free Press described him as a retired teacher, aged 55, and "Mr. Muriel Smith." He was defeated by the Liberal leader, Sharon Carstairs (1942– ). In the next general election two years later, it was Muriel Smith's turn to be defeated in the neighbouring riding of Osborne by another rising Liberal, Reginald B. Alcock (1948–2011).
 
Nelson C. Spencer
7 December 1876 — 30 September 1943
A New Brunswick-born Conservative, Spencer opted not to seek a third term as the MLA for Medicine Hat in the legislative assembly in order to run in a June 1921 by-election in the federal riding of the same name that had been called following the death of Alberta's second premier and current federal Unionist/Conservative minister, Arthur L.W. Sifton (1858–1921). Some time after he was badly defeated by the Progressive Party's Robert Gardiner (1879–1945), Spencer moved to British Columbia and was elected in 1928 as a Conservative MLA for Vancouver City, choosing not to re-offer in 1933 at the age of 56.
 
Henry H. Stevens
8 December 1878 — 14 June 1973
A long-time Conservative, Stevens formed the Reconstruction Party in 1934 because he argued for drastic economic reform and government intervention in the economy, but his government refused to implement those policies. His new party got 8.75% of the popular vote nationwide in the 1935 general election but he was the only one to win his seat of Kootenay East. He returned to the Conservatives in 1938.
 
Clive Tanner
7 January 1934 —
Tanner served one term in the Yukon legislative assembly from 1970 to 1974, at the time when it was still non-partisan. Living in British Columbia by the 1980s, he was the Liberal MLA served for Saanich North and the Islands from 1991 to 1996, not offering for a second term.
 
John C. Turmel
22 February 1951 —
After more than 80 runs both federally and provincially since 1979, the only thing that is likely to stop Turmel from trying again is death. As of June 2022, he has run against 106 profiled individuals in this database, mostly in Ontario.
 
Angela Vautour
10 April 1960 —
In what was dubbed the "NDP breakthrough" in Atlantic Canada in the 1997 federal election, Vautour won what was considered the safest Liberal seat in New Brunswick — a riding in which J.J. Jean Chrétien (1934– ) had run in a December 1990 by-election after he had become leader — defeating Dominic A. LeBlanc (1967– ), son of Roméo-Adrien LeBlanc (1927–2009), former minister and Governor General at the time. But then she had a falling out with the NDP and joined the Progressive Conservatives in September 1999. LeBlanc handily defeated her in the 2000 federal election.
 
D. James Walding
9 May 1937 — 23 April 2007
A disgruntled Manitoba NDP backbencher, Walding brought down his own government in 1988 by voting against the budget. A majority government had never before been defeated by a vote from one of its own.
 
Kathleen O. Wynne
21 May 1953 —
Wynne was Ontario's first female premier and the first openly gay premier in Canada.
 


© 2022 Maurice Y. Michaud :: PoliCan.ca
Pub.: 18 Jun 2022 20:14
Rev.: 25 Jun 2022 10:05