Canada's electoral history from 1867 to today

Am I reading that right ?!

by Maurice Y. Michaud (he/him)

SMaurice Y. Michaud, 2022
Am I seeing right?o far, there are 33,061 links to 29,984 online documents on this site, all leading to more information on nearly a quarter of the 68,113 names that appear in this database. I have read all of those documents — not always every word, but many times I did because I let myself get dragged in by those people's stories even though I had never heard of them before I started this project.

That is how I came to develop the themes that you see in this section, like "youngest and oldest," "died in office," and so on. However, some of the stories offered nuggets that were occasionally just intriguing or funny (literally or in a dark humour manner) and sometimes downright appalling or outrageous. I mean, how is it that I had never heard before embarking on this project about that Social Credit MLA in Alberta who committed one of that province's worst mass killing back in the 1950s?

This list is subjective and I will keep adding to it as I come across those factoids again. It is not meant to be a list of praise or condemnation; it's just stuff that made me laugh, or that I find interesting, or that made me say, "Huh?!"

Before you start, go fill up whatever that is you are drinking, because there are 241 featured so far...



Lincoln M. Alexander (90)
21 January 1922 — 19 October 2012
Times presented: 6   Times elected: 5
When Alexander won Hamilton West for the Progressive Conservatives in the 1968 general election, he was the first Black man elected to the House of Commons.
 
Jean Alfred (75)
10 March 1940 — 20 July 2015
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 1
The one-term PQ MNA for Papineau (1976–1981) was the first Black member of the Quebec National Assembly.
 
James T.M. Anderson (68)
23 July 1878 — 29 December 1946
Times presented: 7   Times elected: 3
Fifth premier of Saskatchewan, Anderson was alleged to work closely with the Ku Klux Klan, a powerful organization in that province in the late 1920s and early 1930s.
 
Shaye Q. Anderson (47)
21 March 1975 —
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Anderson, the Alberta NDP MLA for Leduc-Beaumont from 2015 to 2019, was noticed for his pronounced facial hair when he was elected, bringing National Post columnist Jen Gerson to refer to it as "the most conspicuous and healthy beard seen in Canadian politics this side of the 19th century."
 
François Aquin (88)
6 March 1929 — 23 November 2017
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
When Aquin left the Québec Liberal Party on August 3, 1967, to sit as an independant, he became the first openly sovereignist MNA. He resigned on November 20, 1968. Although he participated in its founding, he did not join the Parti Quebecois.
 
Adrien Arcand (67)
3 October 1899 — 1 August 1967
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 0
Arcand, who proclaimed himself the Canadian Führer, ran federally twice, coming second in a field of four candidates each time.
 
George Armstrong (85)
17 April 1870 — 13 February 1956
Times presented: 6   Times elected: 1
Armstrong was one of the three convicted criminals (for his involvement in the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919) who was elected in the 1920 Manitoba general election. He was still in prison when elected as one of the MLAs for Winnipeg, representing the Socialist Party of Canada (Manitoba).
 
Aubin-Edmond Arsenault (98)
28 July 1870 — 29 July 1968
Times presented: 5   Times elected: 5
When Arsenault was named premier of Prince Edward Island on June 21, 1917, he was the first Acadian in any province to reach that position.
 
Uzoma Asagwara (±39)
c. 1983 —
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
In addition to being first non-binary, Asagwara is one of the first three Black Canadian MLAs elected in Manitoba.
 
Yvonne Atwell (±79)
c. 1943 —
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 1
Atwell was the first black woman elected to the Nova Scotia legislature.
 
George H. Baker (38)
4 November 1877 — 2 June 1916
Died in office
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
Baker is the only sitting Canadian MP to be killed in action on military service.
 
Percival Baker (54)
11 January 1867 — 19 July 1921
Died in office
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Baker was the elected United Farmers of Alberta candidate in Ponoka in the 1921 general election, but died the day after. He had had an accident while chopping down trees on his farm three weeks prior to the election.
 
Peter Baker (±86)
c. 1887 — c. 1973
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 1
Born Bedouin Ferran in what is now Lebanon, Baker is one of Canada's earliest Muslim politicians. He served as the MLA for Mackenzie North (1964–1967) in the NWT legislature.
 
Pamela T. Barrett (54)
26 November 1953 — 21 January 2008
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 3
Barrett resigned as Alberta NDP leader and MLA in February 2000 after having what she claimed to be a near-death experience in a dentist's chair. She went on to die of esophageal cancer eight years later, at age 54.
 
Mary J. Batten (94)
30 August 1921 — 9 October 2015
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 2
A Saskatchewan Liberal, Batten was the first woman of Ukranian origin to be elected to a Canadian provincial parliament.
 
Jaime Battiste (±43)
c. 1979 —
In office
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 2
Upon his election as the Liberal MP for Sydney—Victoria in the 2019 federal election, Battiste became the first Mi'kmaw MP in Canada.
 
Dorian Baxter (72)
3 April 1950 —
Times presented: 14   Times elected: 0
An extreme perennial candidate, Baxter was an Progressive Canadian candidate 11 times from 2004 to 2019. The centre-right party, which was dissolved after the 2019 federal election, had been formed in protest of the merger of the Canadian Alliance with the Progressive Conservative Party. At age 71, Baxter ran for a twelveth time federally in 2021, this time as an independent.
 
Monique Bégin (86)
1 March 1936 —
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 4
When Bégin won the riding of Saint-Michel for the Liberal Party in the 1972 general election, she was one of first three women from Québec to be elected to the Canadian Parliament
 
Henri-Sévérin Béland (65)
11 October 1869 — 22 April 1935
Times presented: 10   Times elected: 9
Béland was re-elected as the Liberal MP for the Québec riding of Beauce in the 1917 general election despite being held as a prisoner of war at the Stadtvogtei Prison in Berlin, Germany.
 
Madeleine Bélanger (90)
7 April 1932 —
Times presented: 5   Times elected: 5
When her husband died suddenly — Québec Liberal MNA for Mégantic-Compton Fabien Bélanger (1936–1983) — she won the by-election three months later to replace him. He had held the seat for 2 years, 10 months and 14 days. She held it for 19 years, 4 months and 4 days.
 
Richard Bélisle (76)
20 July 1946 —
Times presented: 7   Times elected: 1
Bélisle was narrowly elected with a plurality of only 476 votes of the 63,860 cast as the Bloc Québécois MP for La Prairie in 1993. His electoral career went downhill after that. Defeated in Saint-Lambert in 1997, he became a very unsuccessful Canadian Alliance and Conservative candidate federally and Liberal candidate provincially. After his last defeat in 2011, he was appointed to the Parole Board of Canada.
 
W.A. Cecil (W.A.C.) Bennett (78)
6 September 1900 — 23 February 1979
Times presented: 12   Times elected: 11
Bennett became premier of British Columbia after the Social Credit Party's surprise electoral victory in 1952. He remained in that position for 20 years — a provincial record.
 
Maxime Bernier (59)
18 January 1963 —
Times presented: 7   Times elected: 4
When Bernier formed the People's Party of Canada after losing the 2018 leadership race for the Conservative Party, some analysts looked to when dissenting Conservative Henry H. Stevens (1878–1973) formed the Reconstruction Party in 1934. However, as of 2022, history does not seem to be repeating itself. In the 1935 general election, Conservatives and Reconstructionists obtained 38.25% of the votes compared to 44.72% for the Liberals, with Stevens winning the only Re­con­struc­tion seat. In the 2019 and 2021 elections, while the PPC did siphon some votes from the Conservatives, the latter won the popular vote each time (but did not form government) and Bernier lost and never regained his Québec seat of Beauce.
 
George Black (92)
10 April 1873 — 23 August 1965
Times presented: 8   Times elected: 6
When the Conservative MP for Yukon suffered a nervous breakdown toward the end of the 17th Parliament, his wife Martha (1866–1957) won his seat in the 1935 general election, occupying it for only one term until George returned to it from 1940 to 1949.
 
Yves Blais (67)
5 June 1931 — 22 November 1998
Died in office
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 4
Parti Québécois MNA for Terrebonne since 1981, Blais died during the 1998 election campaign — one week before the election. It was postponed to two weeks later in that riding.
 
Hiram Blanchard (54)
17 January 1820 — 17 December 1874
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 2
First Nova Scotia premier of the Confederation era (for two months in 1867) and Conservative opposition leader until 1874, Hiram died the day of the 1874 election in which he was not running.
 
Bliss Botsford (76)
26 November 1813 — 5 April 1890
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 2
Botsford died in Moncton, New Brunswick, at the age of 76 after collapsing while descending a flight of stairs and then falling out through a window. Speaker of the legislative assembly from 1868 to 1870, he was no longer an MLA for Westmorland at the time of his death.
 
John Bracken (85)
22 June 1883 — 18 March 1969
Times presented: 7   Times elected: 6
When the struggling federal Conservative Party approached Manitoba Premier Braken to become its leader in 1942, he accepted on the condition that the party be renamed Progressive Conservative. Braken's political career has begun in 1922 as a Progressive, a movement that then splintered to the left and the right. Those to the left went on to form the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), while those on the right aligned with the Liberals. In fact, in Manitoba, the Progressives absorbed the Liberal Party of the time, although they agreed to be rebranded "Liberal Progressive" despite the fact they had become more dominant than the Liberals.
 
Théodore-Louis-Antoine Broët (38)
28 February 1870 — 14 September 1908
Died in office
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
A Québec Liberal elected in Lac-Saint-Jean in the 1908 general election, Broët died three months later — before being able to take his seat in the assembly.
 
Ruth Ellen Brosseau (38)
26 April 1984 —
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 2
Brosseau is perhaps the most famous successful Canadian paper candidate so far in the 21st century. So certain was she that she would not win in Berthier—Maskinongé in the 2011 federal election, Brosseau, who was 27 at the time, never visited the riding and even went on vacation to Las Vegas midway through the campaign. But that was around the time NDP leader John G. (Jack) Layton (1950–2011) appeared on the popular TV show, Tout le monde en parle, and charmed the people of Québec. On election night, the NDP won 59 of the province's 75 ridings, including Brosseau's.
 
Janet C. (Jan) Brown (75)
23 June 1947 —
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Elected MP for Calgary Southeast along with 51 other Reform Party candidates in the 1993 federal election, Brown drew admiration in 1994 when she placed a rose on the empty desk of rival Bloc Québécois and official opposition leader Lucien Bouchard (1938– ) who was fighting for his life as a result of necrotizing fasciitis. Considered a moderate, she openly spoke out against the right wing of Reform, behaviour which, in May 1996, led her to being suspended from the party along with two controversial members of that right wing. Sitting as an independent for the remainder of 35th Parliament, she ran as the Progressive Conservative candidate in Calgary Southwest in the 1997 general election against her former leader, E. Preston Manning (1942– ), finishing a distant third.
 
Rosemary Brown (72)
17 June 1930 — 26 April 2003
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 4
Upon her election for the NDP in Vancouver-Burrard in the 1972 B.C. general election, Brown became the first Black woman to be elected to a Canadian provincial legislature.
 
Alexis Brunelle-Duceppe (43)
1 July 1979 —
In office
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 2
Sometimes destiny works in funny ways. Brunelle-Duceppe, MP for Lac-Saint-Jean since 2019 and son of former Bloc Québécois leader Gilles Duceppe (1947– ), was born on Canada Day (July 1). But Jean J. Charest (1958– ), Québec's Liberal premier from 2003 to 2012 and a staunch federalist, was born on Saint Jean Baptiste Day (June 24).
 
Thomas Bryson (±55)
c. 15 January 1826 — 4 January 1882
Died in office
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
Conservative elected to the Québec assembly for Pontiac in December 1881, Bryson never took his seat. He died a month after being elected, at about age 55.
 
Charles Cadman (57)
21 February 1948 — 9 July 2005
Died in office
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 3
Reform candidate Chuck Cadman was first elected as MP in 1997 to the B.C. riding of Surrey North, winning the seat again in 2000 as Alliance. When he failed to win the Conservative nomination in 2004, he ran as an independent and won the seat again. He is remembered for how, while battling cancer in 2005, he helped keep the Liberal minority government in power during critical votes, and that he died in office on July 9 of that year. In the 2006 election, his wife Dona (1950– ) endorsed a family friend to replace him: the NDP's Penny Priddy (1944– ). When Priddy decided not to seek a second term in 2008, Dona, by then reconciled with the Conservatives, won the seat for one term as well.
 
Frank A. Calder (91)
3 August 1915 — 4 November 2006
Times presented: 11   Times elected: 9
This is a cautionary tale for those who think that their vote doesn't count. Calder, British Columbia CCF/NDP MLA for Atlin for all but one term since 1949 and the first First Nations person to be elected to any legislature in Canada, failed to win the NDP nomination in his riding in 1975, so he crossed to the Social Credit Party and won decisively in the general election that year. Then, the NDP surged in the 1979 election — not enough to form government but enough to make Calder, 63, lose his seat by one vote to Alan L. Passarell (1950–1986), 29. He and his wife had neglected to vote that year; he would have won by one vote if they had.
 
Reginald T. Caldwell (53)
11 June 1885 — 2 March 1939
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 2
A Nova Scotia Conservative MLA for Kings County from 1925 to 1933, Caldwell died in the Queen Hotel fire in Halifax, Nova Scotia, at the age of 53.
 
Malcolm Cameron (68)
25 April 1808 — 1 June 1876
Died in office
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 1
An Ontario Liberal, Cameron lost in Ontario North during the first federal election in 1867; again in Renfrew South in the 1869 by-election, and again in Russell during the 1872 general election. Finally winning the seat for Ontario South in the 1874 general election, he died in office 2 years and 4 months later, at the age of 68.
 
Coline Campbell (81)
26 September 1940 —
Times presented: 5   Times elected: 3
Upon becoming the Liberal MP in South Western Nova in the 1974 general election, Campbell was the first woman from Nova Scotia elected to the Canadian Parliament.
 
E. Jean Canfield (81)
4 October 1919 — 31 December 2000
Times presented: 5   Times elected: 3
Upon becoming a Liberal MLA in Queens 1st in the 1970 general election, Canfield was the first woman elected to the Prince Edward Island legislature.
 
Isaac Carling (±70)
c. April 1825 — c. August 1895
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 1
An Ontario Conservative, Carling was the son of Thomas Carling, the founder of the brewing company bearing the family name. He sat as the MPP for Huron South for only two years between 1868 and 1871.
 
William D. Casey (77)
19 February 1945 —
Times presented: 9   Times elected: 7
Occasionally, the candidate matters more to constituents than the party, and Casey is evidence of that: he was elected to Parliament four different ways — Progressive Conservative (1988, 1997, 2000), Conservative (2004, 2006), independent (2008), and Liberal (2015).
 
Frederick M. Cass (87)
5 August 1913 — 25 November 2000
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 4
During his time as speaker in the Ontario legislature (1968-1971), Cass ruled that opposition members could not begin their questions with "why" during Question Period, as such questions were "usually not aimed at soliciting information from cabinet ministers, but at giving the questioner an opening to catalogue his complaints about the government."
 
Cora T. Casselman (75)
18 October 1888 — 6 September 1964
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 1
The Liberal candidate in the 1941 by-election in Edmonton East, Casselman was the first woman from Alberta elected to the Canadian Parliament.
 
William N. Chant (81)
13 July 1895 — 25 September 1976
Times presented: 9   Times elected: 7
Chant served only one term in the first Social Credit government in Alberta. He joined the dissidents from his party who were upset with the premier, William Aberhart (1878–1943), for failing to provide Albertans with $25 monthly dividends through social credit as had been promised in the 1935 election campaign, and sat as an independent from 1937. He was more successful in SoCred politics after moving to British Columbia, serving six terms from 1953 to 1971 as an MLA for Victoria and choosing to retire from politics at the age of 77.
 
Jean J. Charest (64)
24 June 1958 —
Times presented: 9   Times elected: 8
A staunch federalist but admittedly proud Québécois, the former premier (2003–2012) was born on Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day.
 
David C. Chatters (69)
15 April 1946 — 25 January 2016
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 4
A Conservative first elected during the Reform/Canadian Alliance era, Chatters asserted in May 1996 that schools should have the right to fire openly gay teachers. That position led him to be suspended from the Reform caucus until September. (Big punishment!)
 
Gulzar S. Cheema (68)
11 August 1954 —
Times presented: 6   Times elected: 3
A Liberal, Cheema was successful in getting elected as a Manitoba MLA at age 33 (1988–1993) and as a British Columbia MLA at age 46 (2001–2004), but he failed to enter the House of Commons in 2004 at age 49 or to return to the British Columbia legislature in 2020 at age 66.
 
John E. Clark (41)
29 March 1915 — 3 June 1956
Died in office
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 2
Clark was the Alberta Social Credit MLA for Stettler from 1952 to 1956. He committed one of the deadliest mass murders in Alberta history and then killed himself.
 
George Clayes (±57)
c. 1831 — 3 March 1888
Died in office
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 1
Clayes, a Québec Liberal from Missisquoi, did not win the riding provincially in 1871, nor federally in 1878 or 1882. He died in office at the age of 57, one year after winning it in the 1887 federal general election.
 
Bernard Cleary (83)
8 May 1937 — 27 July 2020
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Bloc Québécois candidate in Louis-Saint-Laurent in the 2004 general election, Cleary was the first indigenous person from Quebec elected to the Canadian Parliament.
 
Maxine E. Cochran (87)
5 August 1926 — 8 July 2014
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 2
First elected in a June 1984 by-election in Lunenburg Centre, Cochran, a Progressive Conservative, was the first woman cabinet minister in Nova Scotia.
 
E. Shaughnessy Cohen (50)
11 February 1948 — 9 December 1998
Died in office
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 2
Cohen is the first (and so far only) MP ever to suffer a fatal health incident in the House of Commons.
 
Lionel P. Conacher (52)
24 May 1902 — 26 May 1954
Died in office
Times presented: 5   Times elected: 3
Liberal MP for Trinity, Conacher died during a softball game between the Members of Parliament and the Press Gallery on the lawn of Parliament Hill.
 
M. Dominic (Maxime) Cormier (54)
21 December 1878 — 14 January 1933
Died in office
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 1
Defeated in Victoria in the 1911 federal general election and provincially in Madawaska in 1912 and 1925, the New Brunswick Conservative succeeded in being elected as the MP for Restigouche—Madawaska in 1930, but died in office 2 years and 5 months later at the age of 54. His successor was a future Liberal minister, Joseph-Enoil Michaud (1888–1967) (no family relation with me).
 
Estefan Cortes-Vargas (±31)
c. 1991 —
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
Elected for one term as the Alberta NDP MLA for Strathcona-Sherwood Park in the 2015 general election, Cortes-Vargas was the first person in any Canadian legislature to have come out as non-binary. They are the reason why this database now explicity identifies and tracks persons who identify as such.
 
Walter D. Cowan (68)
31 December 1865 — 28 September 1934
Died in office
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 2
While the Conservative MP for Long Lake (1930–1934), Cowan was the provincial treasurer of the Saskatchewan chapter of the Ku Klux Klan. He died in office at the age of 68.
 
Adam Crooks (58)
11 December 1827 — 28 December 1885
Times presented: 7   Times elected: 5
The political career of this Ontario Liberal MPP ended in 1884 when he was declared "incurably insane."
 
John C. Crosbie (88)
30 January 1931 — 10 January 2020
Times presented: 9   Times elected: 9
The Crosbie family name is now associated to the Progressive Conservative Party in Newfoundland, but when John C. was first elected to the House of Assembly for St. John's West in 1966, it was as a Liberal and he sat as such for three years. John won in every election in which he ran, which is something his son Chesley (1953– ) cannot claim for himself.
 
Raoul Dandurand (80)
4 November 1861 — 11 March 1942
Times presented: 0   Times elected: 0
Dandurand was the senator for the division of De Lorimier. He was called to the Senate in 1898 by H.C. Wilfrid Laurier (1841–1919) and never ran for office, yet he was an influential minister without portfolio in three cabinets of W.L. Mackenzie King (1874–1950) until his death at the age of 80.
 
Libby Davies (69)
27 February 1953 —
Times presented: 6   Times elected: 6
Davies was the NDP MP for Vancouver East from 1997 to 2015. She had had a 24-year relationship with Bruce Eriksen until he died of cancer in 1997. In 2001, she was the first female MP to reveal that she was in a same-sex relationship. During the 2005 debate on same-sex marriage in Canada, Conservative MP Jason T. Kenney (1968– ) cited her prior relationship with Eriksen as proof that marriage law does not dis­crim­i­nate against LGBT individuals since a gay person can marry a member of the opposite sex. Joining other commentators, Davies, who had never been formally married to Eriksen, criticized Kenney for playing politics with other parliamentarians' personal lives.
 
Simon J. Dawson (84)
13 June 1818 — 30 October 1902
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 4
Dawson sat for the Liberal Party of Ontario while he was an MPP from 1875 to 1878. Federally, while nominally an independent member until 1887, he supported the Conservative Party of Canada.
 
Amor De Cosmos (71)
20 August 1825 — 4 July 1897
Times presented: 6   Times elected: 5
The second premier of British Columbia was known for being eccentric. Born William Alexander Smith, he would go on to sit as the MP for Victoria until his defeat in 1882. He was declared insane two years before his death.
 
Georges-Ervé Denault (40)
23 July 1882 — 7 February 1923
Died in office
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
Denault, the Québec Liberal Party candidate in Richmond in 1923, died two days after being elected and thus never took his seat in the assembly.
 
Azellus Denis (84)
26 March 1907 — 4 September 1991
Times presented: 9   Times elected: 9
Denis served as a Liberal MP for 28 years, 3 months and 12 days. But combining his time serving in the Senate, he is the longest serving parliamentarian in Canadian history: 55 years, 10 months and 22 days. He died as a senator at the age of 84.
 
Blake B. Desjarlais (28)
29 December 1993 —
In office
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
When Desjarlais won the Alberta seat of Edmonton Griesbach for the NDP in the 2021 general election, he became the first openly two-spirit individual to serve as an MP.
 
Hospice Desrosiers (71)
24 June 1863 — 20 April 1935
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 1
A Québec Conservative, Desrosiers was elected in Châteauguay in the general election held in June 1908; however, his election was contested on November 13 and he lost the resulting by-election to Honoré Mercier Jr. (1875–1937). Defeated again by Mercier in the 1912 general election, he never got to sit in the legislative assembly.
 
John G. Diefenbaker (83)
18 September 1895 — 16 August 1979
Died in office
Times presented: 17   Times elected: 13
Diefenbaker lived to see the return of the Progressive Conservatives to the government benches but died three months later at the age of 83. His successor in the Saskatchewan riding of Prince Albert was, ironically, Stanley J. Hovdebo (1925–2018) of the NDP.
 
Stéphane M. Dion (66)
28 September 1955 —
Times presented: 8   Times elected: 8
Setting aside interim leaders, Dion was the first leader of the Liberal Party of Canada not to serve as prime minister since D. Edward Blake (1833–1912), who had led the party from 1880 to 1887. His successor, Michael G. Ignatieff (1947– ), was the second.
 
Gordon E. Dirks (75)
22 June 1947 —
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 2
Dirks has served two terms as a Progressive Conservative MLA, but one was in Saskatchewan for 4 years and almost 6 months (1982–1986) and the other was in Alberta for 6 months (2014–2015).
 
Russell J. Doern (51)
20 October 1935 — 19 February 1987
Times presented: 6   Times elected: 5
Doern left the NDP to sit as an independent MLA on March 7, 1984, due to his opposition to his government's efforts to legally entrench French-language services in Manitoba. Used to winning with comfortable margins, he was defeated in Elmwood in the 1986 general election. He committed suicide less than a year later, by all accounts distraught by the fact that he had little chance to return to political life.
 
Thomas C. Douglas (81)
20 October 1904 — 24 February 1986
Times presented: 16   Times elected: 13
Douglas is remembered as the "Father of Medicare." While he was federal NDP leader, he lost his Burnaby—Seymour seat in the 1968 general election; he was able to return to Parliament through a by-election necessitated in Nanaimo—Cowichan—The Islands in February of the following year because of the sudden death of Colin Cameron (1896–1968) one month after the general election. Like many Pro­gres­sives / early CCF members, Douglas endorsed eugenics — his 1933 MA thesis was on that topic — but, like the others, he reversed his position and advocated instead for vocational training for the mentally handicapped and therapy for those suffering from mental disorders.
 
Jean Drapeau (83)
18 February 1916 — 12 August 1999
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 0
Well before his first election in 1957 as mayor of Montréal, Drapeau was twice a candidate for the Bloc populaire canadien: once federally in the 1942 by-election in Outrement, and once provincially in the 1944 Québec general election in Montréal—Jeanne-Mance.
 
Gilles Duceppe (75)
22 July 1947 —
Times presented: 9   Times elected: 7
Duceppe is technically the first Bloc Québécois candidate to be elected. He ran in the August 1990 by-election in Laurier—Sainte-Marie following the sudden death of the riding's Liberal MP, Jean-Claude Malépart (1938–1989), but he did so as an independent because the Bloc had not yet been registered with Elections Canada.
 
Patricia Duncan (62)
8 April 1960 —
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 3
A Liberal, Duncan was the first woman to become premier of the Yukon (2000–2002). Her call of a snap election two years before necessary resulted in her government's defeat at the polls; she was the only Liberal elected. She has been a senator since December 2018.
 
Maurice L.N. Duplessis (69)
20 April 1890 — 7 September 1959
Died in office
Times presented: 10   Times elected: 9
Remembered by some as a great leader and by others for "La Grande Noirceur" (The Great Darkness), Duplessis served as Québec's premier for 18 years and 82 days — although not consecutively — and he remains to this day the person who has occupied that position the longest.
 
Louisette Dussault (82)
12 June 1940 —
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 0
The actor French-speaking children of the 1970s remember as la souris verte ran for the Rhinoceros Party in the riding of Sainte-Marie in the 1972 federal election.
 
Charles B. Edie (±46)
c. 1842 — 8 February 1888
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Winning the August 1882 by-election in Springfield, Edie, a Manitoba Conservative, never got to take his seat: John H. Bell (1840–1897) defeated him in the January 1883 general election.
 
Dale Eftoda (±73)
c. 1949 —
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Liberal MLA for Riverdale North from 2000 to 2002, Eftoda was the first openly gay member of the Yukon legislature.
 
D. Wayne Elhard (74)
22 August 1947 —
Times presented: 5   Times elected: 5
In the June 1999 by-election in Cypress Hills, Elhard was the first to be elected under the Saskatchewan Party banner.
 
Henry R. Emmerson (60)
25 September 1853 — 9 July 1914
Died in office
Times presented: 13   Times elected: 10
The Liberal Emmerson was the 9th Premier of New Brunswick from October 1897 to August 1900, at which time he resigned to be elected the federal MP for Westmorland. His alcoholism and reputation as a womanizer hampered his career; he was forced to resign from Wilfrid Laurier's cabinet in 1907 after a newspaper reported that he had been thrown out of a Montreal hotel with "two women of ill repute."
 
William End (±74)
c. 1798 — 14 December 1872
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 0
End died in a fire in his office in Bathurst, New Brunswick, likely assassinated by a man whom he had sentenced to time in jail. He was no longer an MLA for Gloucester at the time of his death.
 
Alphonsus (Fonse) Faour (70)
16 November 1951 —
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 2
Faour was elected MP in a by-election in Humber—Port au Port—St. Barbe in October 1978 and re-elected in the 1979 general election. For whatever reason, this is not the part of Newfoundland I would have expected that province's first NDP MP, but then Liberal Brian V. Tobin (1954– ) came along in 1980 and normality returned.
 
Henry F. Feehan (79)
11 July 1854 — 25 December 1933
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 1
A bachelor, Feehan was quoted as saying, "Well those that would have me, I wouldn't have and those I would have, wouldn't have me."
 
Peter Fenwick (78)
18 July 1944 —
Times presented: 7   Times elected: 2
Fenwick went from being the leader of the Newfoundland NDP for much of the 1980s and being the MHA for Menihek from 1984 to 1989, to running for the Canadian (Reform Conservative) Alliance in the riding of Burin—St.George's during the 2000 federal election.
 
Muhammad Fiaz
?? —
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 2
Born in Pakistan, Fiaz is the first Muslim elected to the Saskatchewan legislature (Regina Pasqua, 2016– ).
 
Steven J. Fletcher (50)
17 June 1972 —
Times presented: 7   Times elected: 5
Manitoba Conservative MP for Charleswood—St. James—Assiniboia from 2004 to 2015, Fletcher was the first quadriplegic and wheelchair user to serve in the House of Commons. Six months after his defeat in the 2015 election, he was elected Progres­sive Conservative MLA for Assiniboia. Quitting the PCS and sitting as an independent from June 30, 2017, he formed and led the Manitoba Party on August 18, 2018. He did not run in the 2019 provincial election, attempting instead (but failing) to regain his federal seat under the banner of the People's Party of Canada. At the time, he claimed that claimed that he and Maxime Bernier (1963– ) are "ideological soulmates."
 
André-Gilles Fortin (33)
13 November 1943 — 24 June 1977
Died in office
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 3
Leader of the Social Credit Party of Canada, Fortin died in a road accident at the age of 33. He would have fallen asleep at the wheel at the level of the Sault River, which crosses Québec Highway 20 at the height of Saint-Cyrille-de-Wendover.
 
Henry D. Francis (65)
28 July 1921 — 2 May 1987
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Elected Social Credit candidate in Similkameen in the 1952 B.C. general election, Francis never got to take his seat. He resigned to allow unelected finance minister Einar M. Gunderson (1899–1980) to run for it in a by-election, and then failed to get re-elected in Revelstoke in the 1953 general election. Gunderson also failed to get re-elected in 1953 when he ran in Oak Bay, but the seat of Similkameen remained in the hands of Social Credit... until 1988!
 
Hedy M. Fry (81)
6 August 1941 —
In office
Times presented: 10   Times elected: 10
Fry's first claim to political fame is that she is the woman who took down the sitting prime minister in Vancouver Centre in the 1993 general election. Her most recent claim is that, at 80 years of age, she is the oldest woman to be elected to Parliament.
 
Alain Giguère (63)
24 October 1958 —
Times presented: 11   Times elected: 1
A person who has been never elected and has run ten times or more at the federal or provincial level is considered an extreme perennial candidate. An NDP candidate in several Québec ridings since 1984, Giguère narrowly escapes this definition, for although he has run 11 times so far, he rode the orange wave in the 2011 federal election and got elected once in Marc-Aurèle-Fortin. That makes him a one-hit wonder.
 
Jack Goohsen (79)
7 November 1942 —
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 2
A Saskatchewan Progressive Conservative, Goohsen is no choir boy. He was forced to resign as an MLA in 1999 when he was convicted on the child prostitution charge. However, to those who thought the Saskatchewan Party had swallowed up the provincial PCs, think again! Goohsen ran as the PC candidate in Cypress Hills as recently as the 2020 general election. He came in fourth in a field of five candidates, with 328 of 7,193 votes cast. The Green Party candidate came last with only 110 votes.
 
Audrey Gordon
?? —
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
A Progressive Conservative, Gordon is one of the first three Black Canadian MLAs elected in Manitoba.
 
G. Jean Gordon (90)
6 March 1918 — 5 September 2008
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 0
Gordon was the first woman elected to the Yukon Council — from 1967 to 1970 (21st assembly).
 
Ronald A. Gostick (86)
18 July 1918 — 16 July 2005
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 0
A well-known publisher of anti-Semitic and far-right literature, Gostick ran twice for office in Ontario, coming last each time: in the 1945 federal election for Grey North as the Social Credit candidate, and in the 1948 Ontario general election for Glengarry under the Union of Electors banner. He was the son of Edith H. Gostick (1894–1984), who was one of the four Alberta Social Credit MLAs elected in Calgary in the 1935 general election.
 
Solomon H. Green (83)
23 October 1885 — 13 April 1969
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
A Liberal, Green was the first Jewish Cana­dian to serve in the Manitoba legis­lature (1910–1914). Only 24 years old when he was elected in Winnipeg North, he served only one term. He died at the age of 83.
 
Frank W. Greenwood (89)
26 July 1929 — 11 May 2019
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
The B.C. Social Credit's Greenwood never took his seat for Columbia that he won in a by-election on 15 July 1963, as a general election was called earlier than expected that following September and he chose not to re-offer.
 
Lisa Gretzky (51)
19 January 1971 —
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 3
Lisa's connection to the hockey player Wayne is distant: they are cousins-in-law.
 
Henri Groulx (64)
21 May 1888 — 16 July 1952
Died in office
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 4
Groulx, Liberal MLA for Montréal-Outremont, died the night of his re-election for a fourth term.
 
Margaret Haile
?? — ??
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 0
In 1902, Haile was the first woman in the British Empire to run for political office, running for the Canadian Socialist League (Ontario) in the provincial riding of Toronto North. Had she won, however, she would not have been eligible to take her seat in the legislative assembly.
 
Arthur Hanger (79)
19 February 1943 —
Times presented: 5   Times elected: 5
One of the most conservative Reform / Canadian Alliance / current Conservative Party of Canada members, Hanger booked a trip to Singapore in March 1996 to investigate its use of caning in deterring crime but was forced to cancel it after public outcry and criticism from within the party. (Odd, huh? Such a great idea for Canada...)
 
Isabel J. Tibbie Hardie (90)
4 February 1916 — 14 November 2006
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Isabel's husband, Mervyn (1918–1961), died in office October 18, 1961. The Lib­er­als nominated her in the 1962 general elec­tion; thus she became the first woman from the Northwest Territories to be elected to the Canadian Parliament. She was de­feat­ed in the general election held the next year.
 
Stephen J. Harper (63)
30 April 1959 —
Times presented: 8   Times elected: 7
The first time he ran for the Reform Party in Calgary West during the 1988 general election, he who would become Canada's 22nd prime minister was very badly beaten by F. James (Jim) Hawkes (1934–2019). Harper was 29 years old at the time, but the reverse happened in the 1993 election when Harper was 34.
 
Richard B. Hatfield (60)
9 April 1931 — 26 April 1991
Times presented: 8   Times elected: 7
The fact that the New Brunswick premier from 1970 to 1987 was gay was an open secret while he was alive but it was only discussed openly after his death. But in having that discussion, are we forgetting that he remains, to this day, the province's longest serving premier?
 
Frederick W.A.G. Haultain (84)
25 November 1857 — 30 January 1942
Times presented: 9   Times elected: 9
Haultain, the only premier of the area of the Northwest Territories that is today Alberta and Saskatchewan, is recognized as having had a significant contribution towards the creation of those provinces, although he would have preferred a single large province named Buffalo. Perhaps that explains the renaming in 2020 of Wexit Saskatchewan to the Buffalo Party?
 
Douglas J. Henning (52)
3 May 1947 — 7 February 2000
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 0
Isn't it hard to believe that we ever had such a thing as the Natural Law Party in Canada?
 
Patricia (Bonnie) Hickey (67)
5 March 1955 —
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
A one-term Liberal in St. John's East (1993–1997), Hickey was one of the two first women from Newfoundland elected to the Canadian Parliament.
 
Richard B. Holden (74)
7 July 1931 — 18 September 2005
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 1
Holden was one of the four men elected in the 1989 Québec general election under the banner of the federalist, English-rights Equality Party. Expelled from the party in October 1991 for balking at party discipline, he sat as an independent until, to the shock of his constituents, he joined the Parti Québécois in August 1992. Suffering from chronic back pain, he committed suicide by jumping from the eighth-floor balcony of his apartment.
 
Simma Holt (92)
27 March 1922 — 23 January 2015
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 1
A Liberal, Holt served one term in Van­cou­ver Kingsway (1974–1979) and was the first Jewish woman elected to the Canadian Parliament.
 
Joseph Howe (68)
13 December 1804 — 1 June 1873
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 3
Like all but one Nova Scotia MP elected in 1867, Howe was against Confederation but he came to accept it a year later and joined the Conservatives. Appointed Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia in May 1873, he died three weeks later, at age 68.
 
William Ivens (78)
28 June 1878 — 20 June 1957
Times presented: 7   Times elected: 4
Ivens was one of the three convicted criminals (for his involvement in the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919) who was elected in the 1920 Manitoba general election. He was still in prison when elected as one of the Dominion Labour Party MLAs for Winnipeg.
 
Rahim Jaffer (50)
15 December 1971 —
Times presented: 5   Times elected: 4
Reform / Canadian Alliance / Conservative MP for Edmonton—Strathcona from 1997 to 2008, Jaffer was the first Muslim elected to the Canadian Parliament.
 
Leonard C. Jones (74)
4 June 1924 — 23 June 1998
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
Mayor of Moncton, N.B., from 1963 to 1974, Jones was vehemently opposed to the use of the French language in any sphere of public activity in the city. Remaining popular with the anglophone majority, he won the Progressive Conservative nomination for the 1974 federal election, but PC leader Robert L. Stanfield (1914–2003) refused to sign Jones's nomination papers because of the latter's opposition to the party's policy of bilingualism. Jones instead ran as an independent and served one term as the MP for Moncton.
 
Nancy Karetak-Lindell (64)
10 December 1957 —
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 4
A Liberal, Karetak-Lindell was the first woman from Nunavut elected to the Canadian Parliament (1997–2008). She is also the first holder of the seat, which was created a few years before Nunavut became a territory distinct from the NWT.
 
Gary Keating
?? —
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Elected to the N.B. legislature on this second attempt in 2014 general elec­tion, the Liberal Keating resigned from his Saint John East seat 22 days later, an­nounc­ing that he had decided that public political life was "not for him" as it would entail too much time away from his family.
 
L. Gordon Kesler (±77)
c. 1945 —
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Kesler is the only person to ever be elected to a legislative assembly under the Western Canada Concept banner.
 
David T. King (76)
22 June 1946 —
Times presented: 5   Times elected: 4
An Alberta Progressive Conservative MLA from 1971 to 1986, King moved to British Columbia and has been involved with that province's Green Party since at least 2013.
 
Trevor Kirczenow (±37)
c. 1985 —
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 0
Even though everybody knew that Kirczenow had a snowball's chance in hell of winning for the Liberals in the Manitoba federal riding of Provencher, one has to admire the audacity of a transgender person running against a staunch social conservative like Theodore J. Falk (1960– ) ...twice!
 
Marie-Claire Kirkland-Casgrain (91)
8 September 1924 — 24 March 2016
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 4
In addition to being the first woman elected to the Québec legislature, Kirkland-Casgrain, a Liberal, was also the first woman in cabinet, the first female judge in the Provincial Court, and the first woman in Québec to be honoured with a national funeral.
 
Stanley H. Knowles (88)
18 June 1908 — 9 June 1997
Times presented: 17   Times elected: 13
Once the social democrat Knowles got elected to Parliament on his third try in Winnipeg North Centre in a 1942 by-election, he would go on to win every time after that up to the 1980 election, except for the 1958 Diefenbaker landslide. He served for 37 years, 6 months and 5 days.
 
Margaret M. Konantz (68)
30 April 1899 — 11 May 1967
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 1
A Liberal, Konantz was the first woman from Manitoba elected to the Canadian Parliament. She served only one term (1963–1965).
 
Édouard Lacroix (74)
6 January 1889 — 19 January 1963
Times presented: 6   Times elected: 6
Former federal Liberal MP elected for the Bloc populaire canadien in Beauce in the August 1944 Québec general election, Lacroix resigned on 14 May 1945 before ever taking his seat in the assembly.
 
Charles-Eugène Laforest (±84)
c. November 1923 — 14 September 2008
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 0
This is my uncle I was telling you about. He ran when I was a teenager living in Moncton, N.B. That was back in the day when people wrote letters and I remember when he sent us a copy of his electoral pamphlet. I didn't remember when he ran or for which party (or that he got clobbered) until I built this database.
 
Jean Landry (73)
3 October 1948 —
Times presented: 12   Times elected: 1
It started off well for Landry, but that might have been beginner's luck. Elected for the Bloc Québécois in Lotbinière in 1993, he ran 11 times after that under different banners and lost each time. His last attempt was in the 2021 federal election, when he came in fifth in a field of seven candidates in Trois-Rivières, running for the second time for the People's Party of Canada. Thus his lacklustre political career makes him a one-hit wonder.
 
Pierre Laporte (49)
25 February 1921 — 17 October 1970
Died in office
Times presented: 5   Times elected: 4
Laporte's name is forever associated to the 1970 October Crisis. On October 10, the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) kidnapped the Liberal labour minister; his body was found in Saint-Hubert on October 17. He was 49.
 
Bowman B. Law (60)
29 July 1855 — 3 February 1916
Died in office
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 4
Law was one of the seven victims — and only MP — of the fire that destroyed much of the Canadian Parliament buildings on the night of February 3, 1916.
 
James R. Laxer (76)
22 December 1941 — 23 February 2018
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 0
Laxer was one of the founders of The Waffle, a radical wing of Canada's NDP in the late 1960s and early 1970s that es­poused Canadian nationalism and solidarity with Quebec's sovereignty movement.
 
Wallis W. LeFeaux (91)
19 September 1881 — 24 November 1972
Times presented: 11   Times elected: 1
After eight failed attempts at both the federal and provincial levels, British Columbia leftist LeFeaux finally won one of the two Vancouver Centre seats in the legislative assembly for the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) in the 1941 general election, only to lose it in 1945. He also failed to get it back in 1949.
 
John B. Lewis (56)
18 March 1817 — 24 January 1874
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
The Conservative MP for City of Ottawa, Lewis had been campaigning for reelection in the 1874 election but records show that he did not run. He died two days after the election was held.
 
James S. Lord (56)
21 December 1875 — 8 July 1932
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
The Conservative New Brunswick MLA for Charlotte (1925–1930) held the position as Imperial Kalif (vice president) for the Ku Klux Klan of Kanada.
 
Wally Lorenz
?? —
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
At 7 months and 18 days from one election to the next, the Saskatchewan Party's Lorenz holds the distinction of having had the shortest term in the legislature. Elected in the March 2003 by-election in Battleford-Cut Knife, he failed to get the party's no­mi­na­tion in Cut Knife-Turtleford for the gen­er­al election held the following November.
 
Solon E. Low (62)
8 January 1900 — 22 December 1962
Times presented: 9   Times elected: 7
Through numerous controversial comments while leader of the Social Credit Party of Canada from 1944 to 1961, Low contributed to his party's reputation for antisemitism. For instance, in a 1947 CBC broadcast, he claimed a "close tie-up between international communism, international finance, and international political Zionism." He repudiated anti-Semitism a decade later but, by then, his party ceased to be seen as a credible threat to replace the Tories.
 
M. Rae M. Luckock (78)
15 October 1893 — 24 January 1972
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Along with Agnes C. Macphail (1890–1954), Luckock is one of the first two women elected to the Ontario Legislature. She held the seat of Bracondale for the CCF from 1943 to 1945.
 
Marcel Lussier (78)
30 June 1944 —
Times presented: 5   Times elected: 1
Lussier has had more luck in life than in politics. A few days before his 78th birthday in June 2022, he won $70 million in Loto-Québec's Lotto-Max.
 
John M. Macdonald (91)
3 May 1906 — 20 June 1997
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 1
Macdonald was called to the Senate in 1960 at the age of 54, after only one term as the Nova Scotia Progressive Conservative MLA for Cape Breton North. He was the last senator appointed for life who served his term until he died... at the age of 91.
 
Margaret M. Macdonald (57)
17 November 1910 — 3 February 1968
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 2
Macdonald was the first woman from Prince Edward Island elected to the Canadian Parliament. A Progressive Conservative, she held the seat of King's from 1961 to 1963.
 
Grace W. MacInnis (85)
25 July 1905 — 10 July 1991
Times presented: 7   Times elected: 4
MacInnis, NDP MP for Vancouver Kingsway from 1965 to 1974, was the ONLY woman elected to the 28th Parliament in 1968. She was the daughter of the first leader of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), the late J.S. Woodsworth (1874–1942), and the spouse of the late Angus MacInnis (1884–1964), a CCF MP in several Vancouver-area ridings between 1930 and 1957.
 
Alexander G. MacKay (60)
7 March 1860 — 25 April 1920
Died in office
Times presented: 9   Times elected: 8
A Liberal, MacKay served 10 years and 8 months as the Ontario MPP for Grey North (1902–1913) and nearly seven years as the Alberta MLA for Athabasca (1913–1920), dying in office at the age of 60.
 
H. Wade MacLauchlan (67)
10 December 1954 —
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Premier of Prince Edward Island from 2015 to 2019, MacLauchlan was the first gay male premier in Canada.
 
Donald Macmaster (75)
3 September 1846 — 3 March 1922
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 2
Macmaster sat as the Ontario Conservative MPP for Glengarry from 1879 to 1882, resigning to get elected to the House of Commons to represent that same riding until his defeat in 1887. He emigrated to the United Kingdom in 1905 and was elected to the British House of Commons in 1910 as a Conservative, representing the constituency of Chertsey until his death at the age of 75.
 
Agnes C. Macphail (63)
24 March 1890 — 13 February 1954
Times presented: 11   Times elected: 7
The fact that Macphail was the first woman elected to the Canadian Parliament in 1921 is widely known. Less widely known is that she was also the first woman (of two) elected to the Ontario provincial parliament in 1934.
 
Claudy Mailly (±78)
30 November 1938 — c. 2017
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 1
I may have prematurely killed off this one-term Progressive Conservative MP for Gatineau (1984–1988) on the weight of one vague reference in Wikipedia but, at the same time, there is really not much about her online these days. Anybody know?
 
Gary Malkowski (64)
26 July 1958 —
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Representing York East from 1990 to 1995 as a member of the Ontario NDP, Malkowski is Canada's first deaf parliamentarian and the first deaf parliamentarian in the world to address a legislature in a sign language.
 
Ernest C. Manning (87)
20 September 1908 — 19 February 1996
Times presented: 9   Times elected: 9
Leader of the Alberta Social Credit, Manning served as premier for 25 years and 6 months — the longest anyone has occupied that position. He was the father of the founder of the Reform Party of Canada, E. Preston Manning (1942– ).
 
Leonard S. Marchand (82)
16 November 1933 — 3 June 2016
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 3
Marchand was the first person of First Nations status to serve in the federal cabinet (1976–1979).
 
Pauline Marois (73)
29 March 1949 —
Times presented: 11   Times elected: 8
Marois is, of course, the first woman to become premier of Québec. However, it would be easier to list the ministerial portfolios that she did NOT hold whenever the Parti Québécois was in power. No matter one's position on Québec sovereignty, no one can deny that this woman knows the ins and outs of how government works!
 
Duncan M. Marshall (73)
24 September 1872 — 16 January 1946
Times presented: 9   Times elected: 5
The difference a century can make? An Ontarian with more staying power as a Liberal in Alberta than in Ontario! Marshall was the three-term MLA for Olds from 1909 until his defeat in 1921, but the one-term Ontario MPP for Peel from 1934 until his defeat in 1937. Then again, he failed to enter the House of Commons for either an Ontario riding (Muskoka, 1904) or an Alberta riding (East Calgary, 1921).
 
Joseph Martin (70)
24 September 1852 — 2 March 1923
Times presented: 16   Times elected: 10
Martin was elected to four different legislative assemblies: Manitoba's, Canada's, British Columbia's, and Great Britain's (East St. Pancras, 1910–1918). As a young adult, he earned the nickname of "Fighting Joe" due to "his quarrelsome nature and his tendency to resort to his fists to settle disputes." It stuck with him until his death.
 
William G. Martin (87)
13 September 1886 — 19 December 1973
Times presented: 7   Times elected: 6
Martin sat as Conservative or Progressive Conservative (post 1942) in two legislatures: in Ontario as the MPP for Brantford (1926–1934) and in Manitoba as the MLA for St. Matthews (1958–1966). His exit in 1934 was through defeat at the age of 47 but it was voluntary in 1966 when he retired from politics at the age of 79.
 
C. Vincent Massey (80)
20 February 1887 — 30 December 1967
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 0
First Canadian-born governor general, Massey ran unsuccessfully for the Liberal Party of Canada in Durham in 1925.
 
Roberta C. McAdams (79)
21 July 1880 — 16 December 1959
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
McAdams is the second woman elected to the Alberta legislature. She would be considered the first of two if the election in her constituency had been held on the same date as the 1917 general election.
 
J. Stephen McCready (75)
10 October 1946 —
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 0
McCready is the son of twice Speaker of the New Brunswick Legislative Assembly, Robert B. McCready (1921–1995). (This one made me raise an eyebrow simply because I am a friend of his brother!)
 
Alexa A. McDonough (77)
11 August 1944 — 15 January 2022
Times presented: 10   Times elected: 8
Daughter of Lloyd R. Shaw (1914–1993), McDonough was the first woman in Canada to lead a major provincial political party (see Hilda P. Watson [1922–1997] to understand the italicized provincial). I was definitely surprised to learn that she had "a thing" with long-time Progressive Conservative David S.H. MacDonald (1936– ) from 1997 to 2004 and even swayed him toward social democracy!
 
Malcolm McFadyen (±44)
9 June 1838 — c. 15 April 1883
Died in office
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 1
A Prince Edward Island Liberal, McFadyen failed three times to get elected — federally in 1878 and provincially in 1876 and 1879 — before winning one of the two seats for Kings 4th in the legislature in the 1882 general election. According to Blair Weeks in Minding the House: a biographical guide to Prince Edward Island MLAs, 1873-1993, "Malcolm MacFadyen died ca. 1883," which would suggest that he died in office about a year after finally being elected. However, Weeks does not explcitly say that and no by-election seems to have been called to replace MacFadyen even though the next general election on the Island was only held three years later. That said, although by-elections were far more frequent in the 19th century than they are today, calling them was entirely at the discretion of the government, so given that the 29th Legislature was Conservative and MacFadyen was Liberal, it is possible that the seat was left vacant.
 
Edward R. McGill (84)
21 September 1912 — 3 December 1996
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 3
McGill was the Manitoba Progressive Conservative MLA for Brandon West from 1969 to 1981. His mild demeanour in the legislature earned him the ironic nickname "Mad Dog McGill."
 
Arnold J. McGrath (55)
2 June 1912 — 24 August 1967
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Elected as the Liberal MLA for Cranbrook at age 27 in an October 1939 by-election, McGrath was the youngest member of the British Columbia legislature during his term of service. He was defeated in the 1941 general election.
 
Hazel A. McIsaac (±79)
c. 1933 — 14 December 2012
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 1
Liberal MHA for St. George's from 1975 to 1979, McIsaac was the first woman elected to the assembly after Newfoundland entered the Confederation in 1949. A passenger and car ferry operating between Long Island and Little Bay Islands is named after her.
 
Harrison A. McKeown (68)
28 November 1863 — 10 July 1932
Times presented: 9   Times elected: 6
New Brunswicker McKeown ran as a Con­ser­va­tive provincially but as a Liberal federally. However, he was never elected as a Liberal and served six discontinuous terms in the legislature.
 
Louise C. McKinney (62)
22 September 1868 — 10 July 1931
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
McKinney was the first woman elected to a legislature in the British Empire. She served as the independant Alberta MLA in Claresholm (1917–1921), being narrowly defeated when she ran under the UFA banner.
 
Audrey M. McLaughlin (85)
7 November 1936 —
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 3
Leader of the federal New Democratic Party from 1989 to 1995, McLaughlin was the first female leader of a political party represented in the House of Commons, as well as the first federal party leader to represent a riding in a Canadian territory.
 
Arthur Meighen (86)
16 June 1874 — 5 August 1960
Times presented: 9   Times elected: 6
In 1941, Canada's 9th prime minister returned to the helm of the Conservative Party that had been badly beaten under the banner of "National Government" in the 1940 general election. Trying to gain back a seat in the House of Commons, Meighen ran in a by-election on February 9, 1942, in the Conservative stronghold of York South. The CCF's Joseph W. Noseworthy (1888–1956) handily defeated him; by the end of that year, the old Conservative Party became the Progressive Conservative Party under the leadership of Manitoba's Liberal Progressive premier, John Bracken (1883–1969).
 
Réal Ménard (60)
13 May 1962 —
Times presented: 7   Times elected: 6
Bloc Québécois MP from 1993 to 2009, Ménard was the second after Svend Robinson (1952– ) to come out as gay.
 
L. Petrie Meston (47)
20 March 1916 — 22 November 1963
Died in office
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
Meston handily won the new riding of Three Hills for the Alberta Social Credit in the 1963 general election, but he died five months later — before the assembly's first session.
 
Simonie Michael (±75)
c. 1933 — c. November 2008
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 2
The federal government, wanting to track the Inuit but finding their traditional names too difficult, implemented a numbered disc system in the 1940s. As such, according to the government, Michael's surname was E7-551. Michael is widely credited for prompting the government to pass a motion authorising Project Surname to replace number-names with patrilineal family surnames.
 
Albanie Morin (55)
30 April 1921 — 30 September 1976
Died in office
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 2
Morin was one of first three women from Quebec elected to the Canadian Parliament. She was the Liberal MP for Louis-Hébert (1972–1976) until she died in office during her second term, at the age of 55.
 
Jamie Moses
?? —
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Moses was one of the first three Black Canadian MLAs elected in Manitoba in 2019. In October 2021, he introduced a private member's bill recognizing August 1 of every year as Emancipation Day in Manitoba. The bill was passed unanimously.
 
Douglas L. Mowat (63)
16 May 1929 — 11 August 1992
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 2
Mowat was the first quadriplegic using a wheelchair elected to a Canadian legislature. He was the B.C. Social Credit MLA for Vancouver-Little Mountain from 1983 to 1991.
 
Oliver Mowat (82)
22 July 1820 — 19 July 1903
Times presented: 7   Times elected: 7
At 23 years, 8 months and 26 days, Mowat, an Ontario Liberal, holds the record for the person who served as the province's premier the longest.
 
George H. Murray (67)
7 June 1861 — 6 January 1929
Times presented: 11   Times elected: 7
A Liberal, Murray was the eighth premier of Nova Scotia for 26 years and 188 days, the longest unbroken tenure for a head of government in Canadian history.
 
Henry Nathan (71)
3 September 1842 — 5 February 1914
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 2
Liberal MP for Victoria (British Columbia) from 1871 to 1874, Nathan was the first Jewish Canadian to be elected to the House of Commons. The second one only came 43 years later when the Montreal Liberal Samuel W. Jacobs (1871–1938) was elected in George-Étienne Cartier in 1917.
 
Ted Nebbeling (±65)
c. 1944 — 28 October 2009
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 2
The BC Liberal MLA for West Vancouver-Garibaldi was one of the world's first serving cabinet member to be married to a person of the same sex.
 
Dorise W. Nielsen (78)
30 July 1902 — 9 December 1980
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 1
Nielsen was not only the first woman from Saskatchewan elected to the Canadian Parliament; she was also the first member of the Communist Party to be elected to the Commons — although the party went by various names at the time, such as "Unity" and "United Reform Movement." She represented North Battleford from 1940 until her defeat in the 1945 general election. In 1957, she moved to China and, in 1962, she became a Chinese citizen.
 
Charles Nolin (69)
2 May 1837 — 28 January 1907
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 4
Nolin, Manitoba Métis and political rival of Louis David Riel (1844–1885), sat nearly five years from 1874 as the MLA for Ste. Anne in the new province's legislative assembly. Later moving to present-day Saskatchewan, he was elected at age 54 as the MLA for Batoche in the legislative assembly of the North-West Territories, but his election was contested two months later and Charles-Eugène Boucher (1864–c. 1926), who was half his age at 27, replaced him.
 
David Orchard (72)
28 June 1950 —
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 0
Although never elected, Orchard, describing himself as a red Tory whose ideological idols include John G. Diefenbaker (1895–1979), has been a prominent op­po­nent of free trade since the 1980s. Running twice for the leadership of the Progressive Con­ser­va­tive Party of Canada, his second bid in 2003 is remembered for the deal he struck with the winner of that race, Peter G. MacKay (1965– ), that included a review of free trade and, per­haps more significantly, "no joint candidates with the Canadian Alliance." By the end of that year, the PCs had merged with the Alliance; Orchard ran unsuccessfully for the Liberals in Desnethé—Missinippi—Churchill River in the 2008 general election.
 
Burt W. Paulin (67)
13 August 1955 —
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 2
At the age of 18 in May 1974, Paulin was the youngest Canadian in history to be elected a school trustee. He was 47 years old when he was first elected to the New Brunswick legislature.
 
Jean Payne (80)
12 May 1939 — 4 March 2020
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Payne was one of the two first women from Newfoundland and Labrador elected to the Canadian Parliament. A Liberal, she represented St. John's West for one term (1993–1997).
 
Lester B. Pearson (75)
23 April 1897 — 27 December 1972
Times presented: 8   Times elected: 8
With his government programs and policies, together with his groundbreaking work at the United Nations and in international diplomacy, including his role in ending the Suez Crisis, Pearson is considered among the most influential Canadians of the 20th century and is ranked among the greatest Canadian prime ministers. However, he has never led a majority government and his beginning as Liberal leader was less illustrious, for instance, asking John G. Diefenbaker (1895–1979) to resign in 1957 and let his party return to power without an election due to the recent economic downturn.
 
Lena E.M. Pedersen (±82)
c. 1940 —
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 1
Pedersen was the first woman elected to the legislature of the Northwest Territories. She represented Central Arctic from 1970 to 1975. Her grandson, Calvin A. Pedersen, briefly represented Kugluktuk in the Nunavut legislature (2020–2021).
 
Louis Plamondon (79)
31 July 1943 —
In office
Times presented: 12   Times elected: 12
Plamondon is the brother of Luc, the celebrated Québec lyricist.
 
Moïse Plante (±62)
c. 1830 — 21 March 1892
Died in office
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
A Québec Conservative, Plante died 13 days after being elected MLA of Beauharnois in the 1892 general election, at the age of about 62. He never took his seat.
 
J. David Popescu (±75)
c. 1947 —
Times presented: 13   Times elected: 0
There should be enforceable laws preventing people like him who have been found guilty of willfully promoting hatred from running for office.
 
Gladys M. Porter (73)
4 August 1893 — 30 April 1967
Died in office
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 2
A Nova Scotia Progressive Conservative, Porter was the first woman to become mayor in the Maritime provinces (Kentville, 1946) as well as the first woman elected to a provincial legislature in the Maritimes (Kings North, 1960). She died in office towards the end of her second term, at the age of 73.
 
Walter V. Powers (59)
24 July 1895 — 8 November 1954
Died in office
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 1
Failing to win one of the two seats for Victoria in the 1939, 1944 and 1948 New Brunswick general elections, the (Progressive)-Conservative Powers finally got one in 1952. Named Speaker of the Assembly in 1954 after the death of Elmer T. Kennedy (1885–1953), he, too, died in office — two years after being elected. He was 67.
 
P.E. James (Jim) Prentice (60)
20 July 1956 — 13 October 2016
Times presented: 6   Times elected: 5
The Alberta Progressive Conservative disclaimed his seat on the night the NDP put an end to his party's 44-year hold on power. He was killed along with three others about 17 months later when the aircraft in which they were travelling crashed shortly after taking off from Kelowna, British Columbia.
 
John Queen (64)
11 February 1882 — 15 July 1946
Times presented: 6   Times elected: 5
Queen was one of the three convicted criminals (for his involvement in the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919) who was elected in the 1920 Manitoba general election. He was still in prison when elected as one of the Dominion Labour Party MLAs for Winnipeg.
 
F.J. Jack Ramsay (84)
23 August 1937 —
Times presented: 7   Times elected: 2
Elected as the Reform MP for Crowfoot in the 1993 federal election, Ramsay was convicted in November 1999 of the attempted rape of a 14-year-old Cree girl 30 years previously while he was an RCMP officer. He failed to get re-elected as an independent in the 2000 election.
 
Sarah K. Ramsland (81)
19 July 1882 — 4 April 1964
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 2
Ramsland was the first woman elected to the Saskatchewan legislature. A Liberal, she represented Pelly from 1919 to 1925.
 
Jaroslaw (Slaw) Rebchuk (88)
10 February 1907 — 15 January 1996
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 0
A Winnipeg municipal politican known as the "Mayor of the North End," Rebchuk ran twice unsuccessfully for a seat in the Manitoba legislature. He was famed for his "Rebchukisms," such as "You've buttered your bread — now lie in it" or "A verbal agreement is not worth the paper it's written on."
 
Auguste Renaud (61)
18 October 1835 — 7 July 1897
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 1
Renaud was the first francophone from the Maritimes to sit in the federal parliament. A Liberal born in France but living in New Brunswick, he served only one term representing Kent from 1867 to 1872, when he was defeated by another Liberal. (Yes, that could happen back then.)
 
Margaret I. Rideout (86)
16 June 1923 — 12 May 2010
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 2
Margaret was the widow of the Liberal MP for Westmorland, Sherwood H. Rideout (1917–1964). She won his seat in a by-election on November 9, 1964, thus becoming the first woman from New Brunswick elected to the Canadian Parlia­ment until her defeat in 1968. Twenty years later, George (1945– ), Margaret and Sherwood's son, also won the seat which by then had been renamed Moncton.
 
Robert Ringma (85)
30 June 1928 — 31 March 2014
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
A one-term Reform MP, Ringma opined in 1996 [not a typo] that store owners should be free to move gay and black people "to the back of the shop," or even to fire them, if the presence of that individual offended a bigoted customer.
 
John P. Robarts (65)
11 January 1917 — 18 October 1982
Times presented: 5   Times elected: 5
Robarts committed suicide. Premier of Ontario from 1961 to 1971, he had been suffering from depression as a result of the 1977 suicide of his son Timothy and a series of debilitating strokes. He had divorced in the early 1970s and remarried to a woman 28 years his junior.
 
Brenda M. Robertson (91)
23 May 1929 — 23 September 2020
Times presented: 5   Times elected: 5
Robertson was the first woman elected to the New Brunswick legislature. A Progres­sive Conservative, she served from October 1967 until being called to the Senate in December 1984.
 
Honoré Robillard (79)
12 January 1835 — 13 June 1914
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 3
Robillard was the first francophone elected to the Ontario legislature. A Conservative, he represented Russell for one term (1883–1886), and then served two terms as the City of Ottawa MP (1887—1896).
 
Svend J. Robinson (70)
4 March 1952 —
Times presented: 9   Times elected: 7
In spring 1988, Robinson was the first Canadian member of Parliament to come out as gay.
 
F. Edith Rogers (70)
26 April 1876 — 19 April 1947
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 3
Rogers was the first woman elected to the Manitoba legislature. A Liberal, she was one of the MLAs for Winnipeg from 1920 to 1932.
 
Tilly J. Rolston (66)
23 February 1887 — 12 October 1953
Times presented: 5   Times elected: 4
Rolston was the first woman in Canada to be appointed a cabinet minister with port­folio and the first woman in British Colum­bia to be given a state funeral. MLA for Vancouver-Point Grey, she served as a Con­ser­va­tive, Coalition (Liberal / Conservative), and Social Credit.
 
Arthur W. Ross (55)
25 March 1846 — 25 March 1901
Times presented: 5   Times elected: 5
Ross's son John was one of the victims in the Titanic sinking in 1912, but the former Manitoba MLA and MP had died 11 years earlier at the age of 55.
 
William C. Ross (87)
11 May 1911 — 4 June 1998
Times presented: 15   Times elected: 0
Ross legally changed his name from Zuken in 1936, in part to protect his family from anti-Communist harassment.
 
Benoît Sauvageau (42)
22 November 1963 — 28 August 2006
Died in office
Times presented: 5   Times elected: 5
The Bloc Québécois MP died in a car accident while on his way to a constituency event. Some early media reports suggested his wife had called 9-1-1 because he had allegedly threatened to commit suicide before leaving their home, but a coroner's report in August 2007 confirmed that Sauvageau had been distracted by his cellphone when, for no apparent reason, his car crashed into the back of a tow truck that was stopped on the side of the road.
 
Jeanne M. Sauvé (70)
26 April 1922 — 26 January 1993
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 4
Sauvé was not only one of first three women from Quebec elected to the Canadian Parliament (Ahuntsic, 1972–1979; Laval-des-Rapides, 1979–1984); she was also the first woman Speaker of the House of Commons (1980–1984) and first woman Governor General of Canada (1984–1990). She died three years after leaving the GG position.
 
Caroline Simard (48)
5 July 1974 —
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Simard forever has bragging rights for unseating a premier, even though she herself got defeated in the following general election.
 
F. Ann Sloat (89)
28 July 1928 — 21 November 2017
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 1
The legislature was not in session during Sloat's time as Progressive Conservative MPP for Wentworth North, and she was defeated in the 1985 general election. Therefore, she never took her seat.
 
Mary Ellen Smith (71)
11 October 1861 — 3 May 1933
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 3
Serving as MLA for Vancouver City from 1918 to 1928, Smith was the first woman elected in the British Columbia legislature, as well as the first female cabinet minister and the first female Speaker in the British Empire.
 
Murray R. Smith (±72)
c. 1930 — 15 December 2002
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 0
Smith was the husband of prominent Manitoba NDP minister from 1981 to 1988, Muriel A. Smith (1930– ). When he ran in the riding of River Heights in the 1986 general election, an article in the 17 March 1986 issue of the Winnipeg Free Press described him as a retired teacher, aged 55, and "Mr. Muriel Smith." He was defeated by the Liberal leader, Sharon Carstairs (1942– ). In the next general election two years later, it was Muriel Smith's turn to be defeated in the neighbouring riding of Osborne by another rising Liberal, Reginald B. Alcock (1948–2011).
 
William Smithe (44)
30 June 1842 — 28 March 1887
Died in office
Times presented: 7   Times elected: 7
The seventh premier of British Columbia added the "e" to his name to distinguish himself from another member in the legislature named William Smith — the second premier of the province who, not one to be outdone, changed his name to "Love of the Universe" (or Amor de Cosmos [1825–1897]).
 
Robert E. Sommers (89)
3 January 1911 — 28 October 2000
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 3
British Columbia Social Credit MLA for Rossland-Trail from 1952 to 1958, Sommers was the first cabinet minister in the British Commonwealth to serve a term in prison for accepting bribes in connection with his office.
 
Nelson C. Spencer (66)
7 December 1876 — 30 September 1943
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 3
A New Brunswick-born Conservative, Spencer opted not to seek a third term as the MLA for Medicine Hat in the legislative assembly in order to run in a June 1921 by-election in the federal riding of the same name that had been called following the death of Alberta's second premier and current federal Unionist/Conservative minister, Arthur L.W. Sifton (1858–1921). Some time after he was badly defeated by the Progressive Party's Robert Gardiner (1879–1945), Spencer moved to British Columbia and was elected in 1928 as a Conservative MLA for Vancouver City, choosing not to re-offer in 1933 at the age of 56.
 
Robert L. Stanfield (89)
11 April 1914 — 16 December 2003
Times presented: 10   Times elected: 10
A Progressive Conservative, Stanfield was Nova Scotia's 17th premier from 1956 to 1967 and the leader federal PCs from 1967 to 1975. A respected statesmen, he was one of only several people granted the style "The Right Honourable" despite not being entitled by virtue of the office he held. He is sometimes referred to as "the best prime minister Canada never had."
 
Joseph E. Stauffer (42)
29 October 1874 — 10 April 1917
Died in office
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 2
Stauffer, Alberta Liberal MLA for Didsbury, was killed in action in Europe during World War I.
 
Maitland B. Steinkopf (58)
10 September 1912 — 22 November 1970
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 2
Progressive Conservative MLA for River Heights from 1962 to 1966, Steinkopf was the first Jewish minister in the Manitoba cabinet. He served only one term but ran for election twice: the second time was due to his resignation in 1964 over a controversial land transaction, but he was re-elected in a by-election in September
 
Max Steinkopf (54)
2 March 1881 — 10 May 1935
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 0
Steinkopf was the first Jewish lawyer on the Prairies. He was an unsuccesful Progressive Party candidate in Winnipeg in the 1927 general election. However, his son Maitland (1912 1970) would serve as the Progressive Conservative member for River Heights from 1962 to 1966, but he was no longer there to see that happen.
 
Henry H. Stevens (94)
8 December 1878 — 14 June 1973
Times presented: 10   Times elected: 7
A long-time Conservative, Stevens formed the Reconstruction Party in 1934 because he argued for drastic economic reform and government intervention in the economy, but the government of Richard B. Bennett (1870–1947) refused to implement those policies. His new party got 8.75% of the popular vote nationwide in the 1935 general election but he was the only one to win his seat of Kootenay East. He returned to the Conservatives in 1938.
 
Sinclair M. Stevens (89)
11 February 1927 — 30 November 2016
Times presented: 5   Times elected: 5
A prominent figure in the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, Stevens vigorously opposed the merger of the Canadian Alliance with the Progressive Conservative Party. He became the leader of the Progressive Canadian Party in 2007 and served in that postion until his death at the age of 89.
 
Belinda Stronach (56)
2 May 1966 —
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 2
Stronach shares more in common with Scott A. Brison (1967– ) than the fact they both crossed to the Liberal Party of Canada (Stronach in 2005 and Brison in 2003). It's the fact they both sought the leadership of another party before crossing over — Stronach for the newly formed Conservative Party of Canada in 2004, and Brison for the moribond Progressive Conservative Party in 2003. Stephen J. Harper (1959– ) won against Stronach while Peter G. MacKay (1965– ) won against Brison.
 
Joseph Tait (71)
21 October 1839 — 18 March 1911
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Tait died at age 71 after falling down an elevator shaft and fracturing his hip. He had not been an Ontario Liberal MPP for nearly 17 years at the time of his death.
 
Clive Tanner (88)
7 January 1934 —
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 2
Tanner served one term in the Yukon legislative assembly from 1970 to 1974, at the time when it was still non-partisan. Living in British Columbia by the 1980s, he served as the Liberal MLA for Saanich North and the Islands from 1991 to 1996, not offering for a second term.
 
Maurice Tessier (91)
18 December 1913 — 9 February 2005
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 2
In what was known as the "double mandate" until its abolishment about seven years into Confederation, one could be elected to the provincial legislature as well as the House of Commons. But well into the 20th century, nothing prevented someone from being elected at the municipal as well as the provincial levels — at least in Québec. Hence, Tessier was both mayor and Liberal MNA for Rimouski from 1966 to 1969, although he continued as MNA until 1973.
 
W. Colin Thatcher (83)
28 August 1938 —
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 3
Thatcher, the former Saskatchewan Progressive Conservative MLA for Thunder Creek, was convicted in October 1984 of murdering his ex-wife.
 
W. Ross Thatcher (54)
24 May 1917 — 22 July 1971
Died in office
Times presented: 9   Times elected: 7
Thatcher, the former Saskatchewan premier, died in office one month after his government was defeated in the 1971 general election. However, perhaps more interesting is what father and son Colin (1938– ) share in common, and no, the elder did not kill his ex-wife! It is that when the elder was first elected as MP in 1945, he did so under the CCF banner; by the 1957 election, he had become a Liberal. Similarly, Colin was first elected as an MLA as a Liberal; two years later, he crossed to the Progressive Conservatives. So in that sense, like father, like son.
 
Réjean Thomas (±67)
c. 1955 —
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 0
Thomas is a doctor based in Montréal best known for his commitment to people with AIDS. Born in Tracadie, New Brunswick, many "back home" were surprised when he chose to run for the Parti Québecois in the 1994 general election. He came in second, short 641 votes out of a total of 31,150.
 
Manitok C. Thompson (±67)
c. 1955 —
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 3
Thompson was the first woman elected to the Nunavut legislature. In fact, she was the only woman elected to the territory's first assembly... in 1999!
 
John Tobin (±59)
c. 1810 — 9 June 1869
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 0
Tobin died by accidentally shooting himself in his own garden. He was a Nova Scotia MLA for Halifax Township from 1855 to 1859 (20th assembly) and for Halifax County Western Division from 1859 to 1867 (22nd and 23rd assemblies) but was no longer an MLA at the time of his death, as he had chosen instead to run federally in 1867 but had failed to secure one of the seats for Halifax.
 
John C. Turmel (71)
22 February 1951 —
Times presented: 81   Times elected: 0
After 81 runs both federally and provincially since 1979, death is likely the only thing that will stop Turmel from trying again. As of 2022, he has run against 106 profiled individuals in this database, mostly in Ontario. His brother Raymond (c. 1952– ) was also a perennial candidate from 1981 to 2000 but cannot in any way be compared to John.
 
Josh Underhay (±35)
c. 1984 — 19 April 2019
Times presented: 0   Times elected: 0
Underhay was supposed to be the Green Party of PEI candidate in Charlottetown-Hillsborough Park in the 2019 general election, but he was killed in a canoeing accident along with his 6-year-old son four days before election day.
 
Angela Vautour (62)
10 April 1960 —
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 1
In what was dubbed the "NDP breakthrough" in Atlantic Canada in the 1997 federal election, Vautour won what was considered the safest Liberal seat in New Brunswick — a riding in which J.J. Jean Chrétien (1934– ) had run in a December 1990 by-election after he had become leader — defeating Dominic A. LeBlanc (1967– ), son of Roméo-Adrien LeBlanc (1927–2009), former minister and Governor General at the time. But then she had a falling out with the NDP and joined the Progressive Conservatives in September 1999. LeBlanc handily defeated her in the 2000 federal election.
 
Peter J. Veniot (72)
4 October 1863 — 6 July 1936
Died in office
Times presented: 13   Times elected: 11
A Liberal, Veniot was the first Acadian premier of New Brunswick (1923–1925). After losing the premiership in 1925 to John B.M. Baxter (1868–1946), he won the federal seat for Gloucester in the 1926 general election, dying in office at the age of 72.
 
John P. Vrooman (63)
25 February 1860 — 20 August 1923
Died in office
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
Vrooman was elected Liberal MPP for Lennox in the 1923 Ontario general election, but he died two months later, aged 63, never taking his seat.
 
D. James Walding (69)
9 May 1937 — 23 April 2007
Times presented: 6   Times elected: 5
A disgruntled Manitoba NDP backbencher, Walding brought down his own government in 1988 by voting against the budget. A majority government had never before been defeated by a vote from one of its own.
 
Mellville H. Watkins (87)
15 May 1932 — 2 April 2020
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 0
Watkins was one of the founders of The Waffle, a radical wing of Canada's NDP in the late 1960s and early 1970s that es­poused Canadian nationalism and solidarity with Quebec's sovereignty movement.
 
Hilda P. Watson (75)
13 January 1922 — 14 July 1997
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 3
Watson was the first woman leader of a political party in Canada (and the Yukon). The 1978 general election was the first partisan election in the territory. While her Progressive Conservative Party won a majority government, she herself lost her seat in Kluane. Perhaps that is why we forget that she was the first woman to lead a party?
 
Martin K. Weiche (90)
6 January 1921 — 2 September 2011
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 0
Yes, in the 1968 federal election, a full-fledged Nazi ran in the Ontario riding of London East. But the good news is that he obtained only 89 votes, or 0.28%
 
Walter C. Weir (55)
7 June 1929 — 17 April 1985
Times presented: 4   Times elected: 4
It is difficult not to think of Weir, a Progressive Conservative and 15th premier of Manitoba, as anything but a sore loser. Upon the defeat of his government on Election Night 1969, Weir told his supporters, "The people have spoken. And the people are wrong."
 
Cornelius W. Wiebe (106)
18 February 1893 — 12 July 1999
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
Wiebe was the first Mennonite to serve in the Manitoba legislature (Morden and Rhineland, 1932–1936).
 
Edward J. (Joe) Williams (103)
28 January 1918 — 18 August 2021
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
Representing the provincial riding of Churchill (1958–1959), Williams was first MLA of Danish ancestry. Serving only one term, he died more than 60 years later at the age of 103.
 
Blair Wilson (59)
18 May 1963 —
Times presented: 3   Times elected: 1
We tend to think of Elizabeth E. May (1954– ) as the first Green Party MP but, in fact, it is Wilson. Elected in 2006 as a Liberal in B.C.'s West Vancouver—Sunshine Coast—Sea to Sky Country riding, he got into trouble with his party for failing to mention a number of his legal and financial troubles during the nomination vetting process. He sat as an independent from October 2007 until August 2008, the eve of the general election, when he joined the Green Party. But Parliament having been dissolved, he did not get to sit as such. He came fourth as a Green; John D. Weston (1958– ), his 2006 Conservative rival, won.
 
John T. Wolfe (39)
2 May 1955 — 2 February 1995
Times presented: 2   Times elected: 1
In the years following the defeat of the Progressive Conservative Party of Saskatchewan in 1991, 14 MLAs were convicted of fraud and breach of trust in a phony expense-claim scam. Wolfe is said to have been anguished at the prospect of being forced to testify against his old friends and colleagues. When told in 1995 that he also potentially faced arrest, he committed suicide by shooting himself. Charges had never been pressed against him. He was 39 years old.
 
Kathleen O. Wynne (69)
21 May 1953 —
Times presented: 5   Times elected: 5
Wynne was Ontario's first female premier and the first openly gay premier in Canada.
 
Lawrence R. Yew (56)
17 January 1942 — 18 April 1998
Times presented: 1   Times elected: 1
Yew was Saskatchewan's first indigenous MLA. He represented Cumberland from 1982 to 1986.
 
Paul Zed (65)
31 December 1956 —
Times presented: 6   Times elected: 3
Since its creation in 1917, the New Brunswick federal riding of Fundy—Royal has been solidly Conservative — except in 1993, when the Liberal Zed won it, and in 2015 when another Liberal, Alaina Lockhart (1974– ), won it. Both times, the Conservatives were the defeated incumbent government that had become deeply unpopular.
 
Above Znoneofthe (53)
28 June 1969 —
Times presented: 11   Times elected: 0
The man formerly known as Sheldon Bergson changed his name to "Above Znoneofthe" with a silent "Z" so that his name would be placed last on alphabetical ballots (hence reflecting the idea of voting for None of the Above) — as long, of course, that he doesn't find himself running against someone named Zuk or Zwicker.
 


© 2022 Maurice Y. Michaud :: PoliCan.ca
Pub.: 18 Jun 2022 20:14
Rev.: 25 Jun 2022 10:05