♀ Agnes C. Macphail

Record
38483 · 5273
Type of record
Elected candidate
Known but unelected candidate
Perennial candidate
Deceased Performance: 64%
 
Canada 7 5 2
Ontario 4 2 2
Total 11 7 4
First woman elected to the House of Commons.
One of first two women elected to the Ontario Legislature.
Birth Death Lived Died in office
24 March 1890
(132 years 4 months ago)
13 February 1954
(68 years 6 months ago)
63 years 10 months No
Service summary
Legislature Total Government Opposition
Canada
Days years months days
6,680 18 3 15
Days years months days
0 0 0 0
Days years months days
6,680 18 3 15
Ontario
Days years months days
1,931 5 3 12
Days years months days
0 0 0 0
Days years months days
1,931 5 3 12
Total > 
Days years months days
8,611 23 6 28
Days years months days
0 0 0 0
Days years months days
8,611 23 6 28
Leadership role
  Duration
# Legislature Party M Int Role Age Dates y m d
1. ON 18 CCF 1 Party leader 42–43 01 Dec 1932 — 14 Mar 1934 1 3 13
Electoral history
→ 11 recorded electoral participations
→ 11 electoral path points
 
→ 6 known challengers:
 
Robert J. Ball  m 
Hollis E. Beckett  m 
Alfred H. Bence  m 
Walter A. Hall  m 
Walter E. Harris  m 
John A. Leslie  m  (3 runoffs)
 
Federal
Ass.: 14
Ontario Grey Southeast
6 December 1921 Age:
31
→ New to this legislature
General 1/3 PROG 49.86% 6,958 of 13,956 Elig.: inc. Parti.: inc.
Loser > CONS 31.24% 4,360 (-2,598) Robert J. Ball  m  ( 64 )
ID: 21607(F) — 16 Aug 2021 01:28 ET Service: 3 years 10 months 22 days (Oppo.)
Federal
Ass.: 15
Ontario Grey Southeast
29 October 1925 Age:
35
Re-elected to this legislature
General 1/2 PROG 55.91% 6,652 of 11,897 Elig.: 17,312 Parti.: 68.72%
Loser > CONS 44.09% 5,245 (-1,407) Lewis G. Campbell  m 
  Post-Election...
29 June 1926 > LIB PC Government changed; remained in opposition
ID: 21878(F) — 16 Aug 2021 01:28 ET Service: 0 year 10 months 15 days (Oppo.)
Federal
Ass.: 16
Ontario Grey Southeast
14 September 1926 Age:
36
Re-elected to this legislature
General 1/2 PROG 56.11% 7,939 of 14,150 Elig.: 17,312 Parti.: 81.74%
Loser > CONS 43.89% 6,211 (-1,728) Robert T. Edwards  m 
ID: 22129(F) — 16 Aug 2021 01:28 ET Service: 3 years 10 months 13 days (Oppo.)
Federal
Ass.: 17
Ontario Grey Southeast
28 July 1930 Age:
40
Re-elected to this legislature
General 1/2 PROG 50.93% 6,619 of 12,995 Elig.: 16,912 Parti.: 76.84%
Loser > LIB 49.07% 6,376 (-243) Lewis G. Campbell  m 
  Post-Election...
23 May 1932 > 42 PROG CCF Changed allegiance
12 March 1934 > 43 CCF UFOL Changed allegiance
ID: 22403(F) — 25 Jan 2022 19:50 ET Service: 5 years 2 months 15 days (Oppo.)
Federal
Ass.: 18
Ontario Grey--Bruce
14 October 1935 Age:
45
Re-elected to this legislature
General 1/3 UFOL 39.97% 7,210 of 18,037 Elig.: 23,394 Parti.: 77.10%
Loser > LIB 31.75% 5,727 (-1,483) Walter A. Hall  m  ( 68 )
ID: 22675(F) — 16 Aug 2021 01:28 ET Service: 4 years 5 months 11 days (Oppo.)
Federal
Ass.: 19
Ontario Grey--Bruce
26 March 1940 Age:
50
Defeated incumbent Exit from legislature →
General 3/3 UFOL 29.58% 4,761 of 16,094 Elig.: 23,385 Parti.: 68.82%
Winner > LIB 39.70% 6,389 (+1,628) Walter E. Harris  m  ( 36 )
ID: 22955(F) — 16 Aug 2021 01:28 ET
Federal
Ass.: 19
Saskatchewan Saskatoon City
19 August 1940 Age:
50
Failed comeback to this legislature
By-Election 2/6 URM 26.66% 4,057 of 15,217 Elig.: 28,947 Parti.: 52.57%
Winner > CONS 31.53% 4,798 (+741) Alfred H. Bence  m  ( 31 )
ID: 23107(F) — 26 Jan 2022 22:18 ET
Provincial
Ass.: 21
Ontario York East
4 August 1943 Age:
53
→ New to this legislature
General 1/3 CCF 45.47% 13,384 of 29,438 Elig.: 56,563 Parti.: 52.30%
Loser > PC 39.55% 11,644 (-1,740) John A. Leslie  m 
ID: 34912(F) — 1 Aug 2021 19:21 ET Service: 1 year 9 months 30 days (Oppo.)
Provincial
Ass.: 22
Ontario York East
4 June 1945 Age:
55
Defeated incumbent Exit from legislature →
General 2/5 CCF 34.21% 15,113 of 44,181 Elig.: 64,872 Parti.: 68.66%
Winner > PC 46.95% 20,741 (+5,628) John A. Leslie  m 
ID: 35003(F) — 1 Aug 2021 19:21 ET
Provincial
Ass.: 23
Ontario York East
7 June 1948 Age:
58
→ Return to this legislature after hiatus
General 1/4 CCF 42.81% 21,628 of 50,517 Elig.: 79,855 Parti.: 63.76%
Loser > PC 41.07% 20,747 (-881) John A. Leslie  m 
ID: 35094(F) — 1 Aug 2021 19:21 ET Service: 3 years 5 months 14 days (Oppo.)
Provincial
Ass.: 24
Ontario York East
22 November 1951 Age:
61
Defeated incumbent Exit from legislature →
General 2/3 CCF 34.34% 22,236 of 64,761 Elig.: 111,258 Parti.: 58.85%
Winner > PC 47.78% 30,944 (+8,708) Hollis E. Beckett  m  ( 55 )
ID: 35187(F) — 1 Aug 2021 19:21 ET
→ 11 online biographical references
 
Lg  Hyperlink  Retrieved on
EN Free Form: Elections Canada, Electoral Insights--New Ways of Building Democracy, Agnes Macphail: The First Woman Elected to Canada's House of Commons 28 June 2022
FR Free Form: Elections Canada, Perspectives électorales--Les nouvelles approches du développement démocratique, Agnes Macphail : la première femme élue à la Chambre des communes du Canada 28 June 2022
EN Free Form: Stephanie Hogan, CBC Radio (5 Dec 2021), Agnes Macphail became Canada's 1st female MP a century ago -- and influenced change that endures today 28 June 2022
EN Canadian Encyclopedia: Agnes Macphail 28 June 2022
FR Encyclopédie canadienne: Agnes Macphail 28 June 2022
EN Legislative Assembly of Ontario: Members: Agnes Campbell Macphail 28 June 2022
FR Assemblée législative de l'Ontario: Membres: Agnes Campbell Macphail 28 June 2022
EN Parliament of Canada (ParlInfo): Agnes Campbell Macphail, M.P. 28 June 2022
FR Parlement du Canada (ParlInfo): Agnes Campbell Macphail, députée 28 June 2022
EN Wikipedia: Agnes Macphail 28 June 2022
FR Wikipédia: Agnes Macphail 28 June 2022
Rev.: 28 Jun 2022 @ 11:18 ET
Gen.: 17 Aug 2022 @ 17:38 ET